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Accident
Last updated: 22 October 2017
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:mardi 7 avril 1936
Heure:10:20
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic DC2 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Douglas DC-2-112
Compagnie:Transcontinental & Western Air - TWA
Immatriculation: NC13721
Numéro de série: 1247
Année de Fabrication: 1934
Equipage:victimes: 2 / à bord: 3
Passagers:victimes: 10 / à bord: 11
Total:victimes: 12 / à bord: 14
Dégats de l'appareil: Perte Totale
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:5 km (3.1 milles) SE of Fairchance, PA (   Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
Phase de vol: En vol (ENR)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Camden Central Airport, NJ, Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Aéroport de destination:Pittsburgh-Allegheny County Airport, PA (AGC/KAGC), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Numéro de vol: 1
Détails:
Crashed into Chestnut Ridge three miles south-east of Fairchance en route Camden, NJ to Pittsburgh-Allegheny County Airport, PA in fog. Pilot Capt Otto Ferguson, co-pilot Harry C. Lewis, hostess Nelly H. Granger and eleven passengers on board. Only the hostess and one passenger (Mrs M.C. Ellenstein) survived

Probable Cause:

It is the opinion of the Bureau of Air Commerce that the probable cause of this accident was poor judgment on the part of Pilot [name] for flying by visual ground observation methods after having descended through the clouds and overcast in mountainous terrain at a point unknown to him. Because of low clouds and poor visibility, this required flying close to the ground whereas the safest method under such circumstances is to climb into or above the overcast to a safe altitude and determine the location of the plane by instruments and radio.

Contributory causes to this accident were:
1. Failure of the pilot to identify accurately his position with respect to the Pittsburgh-Allegheny County Airport before descending through the overcast in preparation for his scheduled landing.
2. Failure of the pilot to proceed to and follow the right hand side of the west leg of the Harrisburg radio range course when it first became necessary for him to resort to instrument flying in the vicinity of Harrisburg due to weather conditions and failure to complete his flight on the right hand side of the northeast leg of the Pittsburgh radio range, as provided for by both Department of Commerce and TWA regulations.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: BoAC
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 147 days (5 months)
Accident number: Final report
Download report: Final report


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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Camden Central Airport, NJ et Pittsburgh-Allegheny County Airport, PA est de 412 km (258 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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