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Accident
Last updated: 11 December 2017
Status:Definitief
Datum:dinsdag 7 april 1936
Tijd:10:20
Type:Silhouette image of generic DC2 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Douglas DC-2-112
Luchtvaartmaatschappij:Transcontinental & Western Air - TWA
Registratie: NC13721
Constructienummer: 1247
Bouwjaar: 1934
Bemanning:slachtoffers: 2 / inzittenden: 3
Passagiers:slachtoffers: 10 / inzittenden: 11
Totaal:slachtoffers: 12 / inzittenden: 14
Schade: Afgeschreven
Gevolgen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Plaats:5 km (3.1 mijl) SE of Fairchance, PA (   Verenigde Staten)
Fase: Kruisvlucht (ENR)
Soort vlucht:Binnenlandse lijnvlucht
Vliegveld van vertrek:Camden Central Airport, NJ, Verenigde Staten
Vliegveld van aankomst:Pittsburgh-Allegheny County Airport, PA (AGC/KAGC), Verenigde Staten
Vluchtnummer: 1
Beschrijving:
Crashed into Chestnut Ridge three miles south-east of Fairchance en route Camden, NJ to Pittsburgh-Allegheny County Airport, PA in fog. Pilot Capt Otto Ferguson, co-pilot Harry C. Lewis, hostess Nelly H. Granger and eleven passengers on board. Only the hostess and one passenger (Mrs M.C. Ellenstein) survived

Probable Cause:

It is the opinion of the Bureau of Air Commerce that the probable cause of this accident was poor judgment on the part of Pilot [name] for flying by visual ground observation methods after having descended through the clouds and overcast in mountainous terrain at a point unknown to him. Because of low clouds and poor visibility, this required flying close to the ground whereas the safest method under such circumstances is to climb into or above the overcast to a safe altitude and determine the location of the plane by instruments and radio.

Contributory causes to this accident were:
1. Failure of the pilot to identify accurately his position with respect to the Pittsburgh-Allegheny County Airport before descending through the overcast in preparation for his scheduled landing.
2. Failure of the pilot to proceed to and follow the right hand side of the west leg of the Harrisburg radio range course when it first became necessary for him to resort to instrument flying in the vicinity of Harrisburg due to weather conditions and failure to complete his flight on the right hand side of the northeast leg of the Pittsburgh radio range, as provided for by both Department of Commerce and TWA regulations.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: BoAC
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 147 days (5 months)
Accident number: Final report
Download report: Final report


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Kaart
Deze kaart geeft het vliegveld van vetrek weer en de geplande bestemming van de vlucht. De lijn tussen de vliegvelden geeft niet de exacte vliegroute weer.
De afstand tussen Camden Central Airport, NJ en Pittsburgh-Allegheny County Airport, PA bedraagt 412 km (258 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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