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Accident description
Last updated: 27 August 2016
Status:
Date:Monday 29 March 1943
Type:Silhouette image of generic CAT model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Consolidated PBY-5 Catalina
Operator:United States Navy
Registration: 2354
C/n / msn:
First flight:
Crew:Fatalities: 10 / Occupants: 10
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 10 / Occupants: 10
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:1,65 km (1 mls) NW off Johnston Island NAS (JON) (   U.S. Minor Outlying Islands)
Phase: Maneuvering (MNV)
Nature:Military
Departure airport:Johnston Island NAS (JON/PJON), U.S. Minor Outlying Islands
Destination airport:Johnston Island NAS (JON/PJON), U.S. Minor Outlying Islands
Narrative:
This PBY-5 based on Johnston Island, was on a search for survivors, of a crashed Army B-24 enroute from Oahu to Johnston Island. Upon returning to base at 20:27, it was seem to commence a normal approach at an altitude of approximately one-thousand feet, at which time it suddenly nosed over, lost altitude very rapidly and crashed into water, bursting into flames upon impact. The night was very dark with no moon.

This cause is undetermined but the following possibilities are mentioned: (1) pilot did not get corrected altitude settings before attempting his landing and flew into the water without realizing he was so near the surface. (another pilot stated that his altimeter read 200-ft plus when he landed just an hour or so before crash), (2) collision with large birds which are numerous in the area and are known to fly at night, (3)engine failure, (4)fire in air just prior to crash. Pilot was considered competent with out restrictions for any assignment in the PBY-5 type aircraft.

Sources:
» vpnavy.org
» Aviation Archaeological Investigation and Research (AAIR)


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This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Networkĺs opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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