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Accident description
Last updated: 30 May 2016
Date:Monday 29 March 1943
Type:Silhouette image of generic CAT model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Consolidated PBY-5 Catalina
Operator:United States Navy
Registration: 2354
C/n / msn:
First flight:
Crew:Fatalities: 10 / Occupants: 10
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 10 / Occupants: 10
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:1,65 km (1 mls) NW off Johnston Island NAS (JON) (   U.S. Minor Outlying Islands)
Phase: Maneuvering (MNV)
Departure airport:Johnston Island NAS (JON/PJON), U.S. Minor Outlying Islands
Destination airport:Johnston Island NAS (JON/PJON), U.S. Minor Outlying Islands
This PBY-5 based on Johnston Island, was on a search for survivors, of a crashed Army B-24 enroute from Oahu to Johnston Island. Upon returning to base at 20:27, it was seem to commence a normal approach at an altitude of approximately one-thousand feet, at which time it suddenly nosed over, lost altitude very rapidly and crashed into water, bursting into flames upon impact. The night was very dark with no moon.

This cause is undetermined but the following possibilities are mentioned: (1) pilot did not get corrected altitude settings before attempting his landing and flew into the water without realizing he was so near the surface. (another pilot stated that his altimeter read 200-ft plus when he landed just an hour or so before crash), (2) collision with large birds which are numerous in the area and are known to fly at night, (3)engine failure, (4)fire in air just prior to crash. Pilot was considered competent with out restrictions for any assignment in the PBY-5 type aircraft.

» Aviation Archaeological Investigation and Research (AAIR)


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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Johnston Island NAS to Johnston Island NAS as the crow flies is NAN km (NAN miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Networkĺs opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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