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Accident
Last updated: 22 July 2017
Status:Schlussbericht
Datum:Dienstag 13 November 1945
Zeit:20:20
Flugzeugtyp:Silhouette image of generic DC3 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Douglas C-49A (DC-3)
Operator:Australian National Airways - ANA
On behalf of:United States Army Air Corps - USAAC
Kennzeichen: VH-CDC
Werknummer: 3282
Baujahr: 1941
Triebwerk: 2 Wright R-1820-97
Besatzung:Todesopfer: 3 / Insassen: 3
Fluggäste:Todesopfer: 13 / Insassen: 14
Gesamt:Todesopfer: 16 / Insassen: 17
Sachschaden: Zerstört
Konsequenzen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Unfallort:ca 2 km NE off Tacloban Airport (TAC) (   Philippinen)
Flugphase: Start (TOF)
Betriebsart:Inländischer außerplanmäßiger Passagierflug
Flug von:Manila-Nielson Field, Philippinen
Flug nach:Tacloban Airport (TAC/RPVA), Philippinen
Unfallbericht:
The Douglas C-49A transport plane was operated by Australian National Airways on behalf of the United States Army Air Corps, 322 Troop Carrier Wing. The aircraft departed Manila, Philippines, bound for Brisbane, Australia with an en route stop at Tacloban.
After a normal approach to Tacloban Airport, while at 100 feet on final approach, a storm hit the airport with heavy rain and strong winds.
The aircraft touched down but the pilot pulled up and circled the control tower at 200 feet, heading over the bay. Nothing more was heard from the flight. The aircraft had impacted the water. One survivor was rescued from the water after five and a half hours.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE:
"The case of the accident is considered to be due to an unfortunate error of judgement on the part of the pilot in attempting to land under very unfavourable weather conditions, especially when he had at least 1 1/2 hours petrol in reserve for checking up conditions at the alternative landing field at Samar and also on Leyte itself or returning to Manilla when more than half way if weather conditions proved unfavourable. There is no evidence that the pilot was embarrassed by engine failure at any time and from Lt.McCabe's statement that he was conversing with and sharing fruit with the pilot five minutes before the attempted landing, it would indicate that the pilot was perfectly happy with the sequence of events up to that time although they had been flying through storm areas with lightning and bumpy conditions. It was indeed unfortunate that McCabe was unable to inflate one of the dinghies due to the C02 bottle becoming detached and so save other lives. The question of the serviceability of such equipment is the responsibility of the pilot, and although the question of serviceability of safety equipment has not been discussed with our Archerfield Staff due to pressure of time, it is understood that this matter has received attention and there is no reason to believe such equipment was not in a satisfactory condition prior to the crash."

Informationsquelle:
» Department of Civil Aviaton Accident Report


Fotos

photo of Douglas C-49A (DC-3) VH-CDC
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Manila-Nielson Field to Tacloban Airport as the crow flies is 566 km (354 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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