Accident
Last updated: 20 October 2014
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:jeudi 3 octobre 1946
Heure:05:03
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic DC4 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Douglas C-54E-5-DO (DC-4)
Compagnie:American Overseas Airlines
Immatriculation: NC90904
Numéro de série: 27290
Année de Fabrication: 1945
Heures de vol:3731
Moteurs: 4 Pratt & Whitney R-2000-9
Equipage:victimes: 8 / à bord: 8
Passagers:victimes: 31 / à bord: 31
Total:victimes: 39 / à bord: 39
Dégats de l'appareil: Détruit
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:11,4 km (7.1 milles) NE of Stephenville-Harmon AAB, NF (YJT) (   Canada) show on map
Élévation des lieux de l'accident: 354 m (1161 feet) amsl
Phase de vol: En montée initiale (ICL)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Intern.
Aéroport de départ:Stephenville AAB, NF (YJT/CYJT), Canada
Aéroport de destination:Shannon Airport (SNN/EINN), Irlande
Détails:
The DC-4, named "Flagship New England", departed New York-LaGuardia (LGA) at 12:14 on October 2, 1946 bound for Shannon (SNN), Ireland and Berlin, Germany. Prior to crossing the Atlantic, an intermediate stop was planned at Gander. Poor visibility at Gander forced the crew to land at their alternate, Stephenville-Harmon Field. The DC-4 arrived there at 16:30. In order to provide the necessary crew rest, a 12-hour stopover was made with a scheduled departure at 04:45. The flight was cleared to taxi to runway 30 for departure. As the wind appeared to be from 90 degrees at 9kts, the tower operator advised the crew to taxi to runway 07 instead. At the time of the take-off the ceiling was reported 5,000 feet, overcast; visibility 10 miles. Neither moon nor stars were visible through the overcast as the flight took off towards unlit terrain. It was general practice for flights using runway 07 to turn right immediately after takeoff to avoid rising terrain. After takeoff the DC-4 continued in a straight line and collided with a steep ridge at an elevation of 1160 feet, 7,1 miles past the runway.

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The action of the pilot in maintaining the direction of take-off toward higher terrain over which adequate clearance could not be gained."

Sources:
» Air Britain Casualty compendium (pt. 44)
» CAB


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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposé destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Stephenville AAB, NF et Shannon Airport est de 3436 km (2147 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tels qui sont connus à ce jour.
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