Accident
Last updated: 20 April 2014
Status:Schlussbericht
Datum:Dienstag 13 Januar 1948
Zeit:04:36
Flugzeugtyp:Silhouette image of generic DC3 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Douglas DC-3-201F
Fluggesellschaft:Eastern Air Lines
Kennzeichen: NC28384
Werknummer: 4092
Baujahr: 1941
Betriebsstunden:29974
Triebwerk: 2 Wright R-1820-G-202A
Besatzung:Todesopfer: 2 / Insassen: 3
Fluggäste:Todesopfer: 3 / Insassen: 6
Gesamt:Todesopfer: 5 / Insassen: 9
Sachschaden: Zerstört
Konsequenzen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Unfallort:Oxon Hill, MD (   USA)
Flugphase: Annäherung (APR)
Betriebsart:Inländischer planmäßiger Passagierflug
Flug von:Winston-Salem-Smith-Reynolds Airport, NC (INT/KINT), USA
Flug nach:Washington-National Airport, DC (DCA/KDCA), USA
Flugnummer: 572
Unfallbericht:
Eastern Flight 572 departed Houston, TX on January 12 for a flight to Washington (DCA). Intermediate stops were planned at Atlanta (ATL), Greenville (PGV) and Winston-Salem (INT). At 03:06, January 13, the DC-3 took off from Winston-Salem. It proceeded at the altitude of 9,000 feet to Washington. The crew received several descent instructions and at 04:27, the flight reported its position to the Washington control tower, stating that it was over Doncaster at 3,000 feet. It was instructed by the tower to maintain 2,500 feet, and to report again when it was over Mt. Vernon, 9 miles south of the Washington National Airport. A brief climb was then necessary to 3500 feet in order to maintain enough separation with another Eastern plane which was on a converging course at the same altitude near Mount Vernon. Flight 572 was then cleared back to its previous approach altitude of 2,500 feet. At 04:33, flight 572 was again cleared to the airport by the Washington Tower, and advised to report when leaving 2,500 feet, when leaving Mt. Vernon, and when VFR. At 04:38, the flight was requested to report the altitude of the base of the clouds. The pilot hurriedly responded,"standby." Nothing more was heard from the flight. It appeared that the right wing tip had struck the top of a sycamore tree, 106 feet (32 m) above sea level, collided with two other trees and struck the ground in an inverted position. It came to rest on the extended centerline of runway 36, 5.2 miles (8,3 km) south of the airport.

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The Board determines that the probable cause of this accident was the failure of the flight to follow prescribed instrument procedure and to maintain a safe altitude during the course of an instrument approach to the Washington National Airport."

Informationsquelle:
» CAB File No. 1-0003


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Winston-Salem-Smith-Reynolds Airport, NC to Washington-National Airport, DC as the crow flies is 410 km (256 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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