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Accident
Last updated: 17 October 2017
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:mardi 13 janvier 1948
Heure:04:36
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic DC3 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Douglas DC-3-201F
Compagnie:Eastern Air Lines
Immatriculation: NC28384
Numéro de série: 4092
Année de Fabrication: 1941
Heures de vol:29974
Moteurs: 2 Wright R-1820-G202A
Equipage:victimes: 2 / à bord: 3
Passagers:victimes: 3 / à bord: 6
Total:victimes: 5 / à bord: 9
Dégats de l'appareil: Perte Totale
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:Oxon Hill, MD (   Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
Phase de vol: En approche (APR)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Winston-Salem-Smith-Reynolds Airport, NC (INT/KINT), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Aéroport de destination:Washington-National Airport, DC (DCA/KDCA), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Numéro de vol:EA572
Détails:
Eastern Flight 572 departed Houston, TX on January 12 for a flight to Washington (DCA). Intermediate stops were planned at Atlanta (ATL), Greenville (PGV) and Winston-Salem (INT). At 03:06, January 13, the DC-3 took off from Winston-Salem. It proceeded at the altitude of 9,000 feet to Washington. The crew received several descent instructions and at 04:27, the flight reported its position to the Washington control tower, stating that it was over Doncaster at 3,000 feet. It was instructed by the tower to maintain 2,500 feet, and to report again when it was over Mt. Vernon, 9 miles south of the Washington National Airport. A brief climb was then necessary to 3500 feet in order to maintain enough separation with another Eastern plane which was on a converging course at the same altitude near Mount Vernon. Flight 572 was then cleared back to its previous approach altitude of 2,500 feet. At 04:33, flight 572 was again cleared to the airport by the Washington Tower, and advised to report when leaving 2,500 feet, when leaving Mt. Vernon, and when VFR. At 04:38, the flight was requested to report the altitude of the base of the clouds. The pilot hurriedly responded,"standby." Nothing more was heard from the flight. It appeared that the right wing tip had struck the top of a sycamore tree, 106 feet (32 m) above sea level, collided with two other trees and struck the ground in an inverted position. It came to rest on the extended centerline of runway 36, 5.2 miles (8,3 km) south of the airport.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The Board determines that the probable cause of this accident was the failure of the flight to follow prescribed instrument procedure and to maintain a safe altitude during the course of an instrument approach to the Washington National Airport."

Sources:
» CAB File No. 1-0003


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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Winston-Salem-Smith-Reynolds Airport, NC et Washington-National Airport, DC est de 410 km (256 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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