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Accident
Last updated: 23 October 2017
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:mercredi 20 octobre 1948
Heure:23:32 UTC
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic CONI model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Lockheed L-049-46-25 Constellation
Compagnie:KLM Royal Dutch Airlines
Immatriculation: PH-TEN
Numéro de série: 2083
Année de Fabrication: 1947
Equipage:victimes: 10 / à bord: 10
Passagers:victimes: 30 / à bord: 30
Total:victimes: 40 / à bord: 40
Dégats de l'appareil: Détruit
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:5 km (3.1 milles) E of Glasgow-Prestwick Airport (PIK) (   Royaume Uni)
Phase de vol: En approche (APR)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Intern.
Aéroport de départ:Amsterdam-Schiphol International Airport (AMS/EHAM), Pays-Bas
Aéroport de destination:Glasgow-Prestwick Airport (PIK/EGPK), Royaume Uni
Détails:
Lockheed Constellation "Nijmegen" departed Amsterdam at 21:11 GMT for a transatlantic flight to New York with an intermediate stop at Prestwick. Arriving near Prestwick the aircraft was vectored for a Ground Controlled Approach to runway 32. Thee crew however wanted to try a visual approach to runway 26. After having overshot runway 32, the aircraft entered the runway 26 downwind leg. At an altitude of 440 feet the aircraft struck high tension cables; the aircraft caught fire and completed a left turn before crashing.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "1) That when the pilot started his landing manoeuvre for runway 26 of Prestwick Airport the weather conditions were already below the limits for this manoeuvre but that from the weather forecasts received this could not be known to him and that this could not be personally judged at the time. 2) That, although the landing on runway 26 under the weather conditions, as far as these were known to the pilot, required the greatest caution, the pilot could not be blamed for having commenced that landing procedure. 3) That flying too long on the downwind-leg of runway 26 caused the accident. 4) That, if no unknown circumstances contributed to the extension of the flight on the downwind-leg of runway 26, the extension was due to the delayed action of the pilot after he lost visual approach. 5) That it was not impossible that a stronger wind that the pilot accounted for contributed to the extension of the flight on the downwind-leg of runway 26. 6) That the possibility of other circumstances as mentioned under 4 could not be ruled out, but that no data was available which could give cause for the supposition that they contributed to the extension of the flight at a low altitude on the downwind-leg of runway 26."

Sources:
» Nederlandse Constallations / H.Dekker (p.22)


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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Amsterdam-Schiphol International Airport et Glasgow-Prestwick Airport est de 702 km (439 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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