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Accident
Last updated: 11 December 2017
Status:Definitief
Datum:woensdag 20 oktober 1948
Tijd:23:32 UTC
Type:Silhouette image of generic CONI model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Lockheed L-049-46-25 Constellation
Luchtvaartmaatschappij:KLM Royal Dutch Airlines
Registratie: PH-TEN
Constructienummer: 2083
Bouwjaar: 1947
Bemanning:slachtoffers: 10 / inzittenden: 10
Passagiers:slachtoffers: 30 / inzittenden: 30
Totaal:slachtoffers: 40 / inzittenden: 40
Schade: Vernield
Gevolgen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Plaats:5 km (3.1 mijl) E of Glasgow-Prestwick Airport (PIK) (   Verenigd Koninkrijk)
Fase: Nadering (APR)
Soort vlucht:Internationale lijnvlucht
Vliegveld van vertrek:Amsterdam-Schiphol International Airport (AMS/EHAM), Nederland
Vliegveld van aankomst:Glasgow-Prestwick Airport (PIK/EGPK), Verenigd Koninkrijk
Beschrijving:
Lockheed Constellation "Nijmegen" departed Amsterdam at 21:11 GMT for a transatlantic flight to New York with an intermediate stop at Prestwick. Arriving near Prestwick the aircraft was vectored for a Ground Controlled Approach to runway 32. Thee crew however wanted to try a visual approach to runway 26. After having overshot runway 32, the aircraft entered the runway 26 downwind leg. At an altitude of 440 feet the aircraft struck high tension cables; the aircraft caught fire and completed a left turn before crashing.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "1) That when the pilot started his landing manoeuvre for runway 26 of Prestwick Airport the weather conditions were already below the limits for this manoeuvre but that from the weather forecasts received this could not be known to him and that this could not be personally judged at the time. 2) That, although the landing on runway 26 under the weather conditions, as far as these were known to the pilot, required the greatest caution, the pilot could not be blamed for having commenced that landing procedure. 3) That flying too long on the downwind-leg of runway 26 caused the accident. 4) That, if no unknown circumstances contributed to the extension of the flight on the downwind-leg of runway 26, the extension was due to the delayed action of the pilot after he lost visual approach. 5) That it was not impossible that a stronger wind that the pilot accounted for contributed to the extension of the flight on the downwind-leg of runway 26. 6) That the possibility of other circumstances as mentioned under 4 could not be ruled out, but that no data was available which could give cause for the supposition that they contributed to the extension of the flight at a low altitude on the downwind-leg of runway 26."

Bronnen:
» Nederlandse Constallations / H.Dekker (p.22)


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Kaart
Deze kaart geeft het vliegveld van vetrek weer en de geplande bestemming van de vlucht. De lijn tussen de vliegvelden geeft niet de exacte vliegroute weer.
De afstand tussen Amsterdam-Schiphol International Airport en Glasgow-Prestwick Airport bedraagt 702 km (439 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Lockheed L-049

  • 88 built
  • 12e ongeval
  • 7e dodelijk ongeval
  • The zwaarste ongeval (toen het plaatsvond)
  • 7e zwaarste ongeval (op dit moment)
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 Verenigd Koninkrijk
  • The zwaarste ongeval (toen het plaatsvond)
  • 10e zwaarste ongeval (op dit moment)
» safety profile