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Accident
Last updated: 23 October 2017
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:samedi 19 janvier 1952
Heure:01:38
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic DC4 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Douglas C-54E-5-DO (DC-4)
Compagnie:Northwest Orient Airlines
Immatriculation: N45342
Numéro de série: 27279
Année de Fabrication: 1945
Heures de vol:18859
Moteurs: 4 Pratt & Whitney R-2000
Equipage:victimes: 3 / à bord: 3
Passagers:victimes: 33 / à bord: 40
Total:victimes: 36 / à bord: 43
Dégats de l'appareil: Perte Totale
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:1,6 km (1 milles) ESE de Sandspit Airport, BC (YZP) (   Canada)
Phase de vol: En montée initiale (ICL)
Nature:Charter National
Aéroport de départ:Anchorage-Elmendorf AFB, AK (EDF/PAED), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Aéroport de destination:Tacoma-McChord AFB, WA (TCM/KTCM), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Numéro de vol: 324
Détails:
Flight 324, was a flight from Tokyo, Japan, to McChord AFB, via Shemya and Anchorage. It departed Elmendorf AFB at 21:11 for the IFR flight to McChord AFB. The flight climbed to the 10,000-foot assigned altitude and at 22:13, shortly after passing Middleton Island, requested permission to descend to 8,000 feet. ARTC cleared the flight to descend and the new cruising altitude was reached at 22:22. The trip was uneventful until opposite Sitka, Alaska, when the pilot reported, at 00:03, that no. 1 propeller had been feathered. The prop had been feathered due to a "broken" oil cooler and the pilot decided to divert to Sandspit. The flight was cleared to that point and proceeded without further incident on three engines. The aircraft touched down at a point about one-third down the runway. After a short roll, power was applied at about the mid-point of the strip and the aircraft took off, barely clearing a low fence and driftwood which was approximately two feet high at the end of the runway. The aircraft, at near stalling speed during the attempted climb-out, settled into the water, bounced, and came to rest 26 degrees to the left and approximately 4,500 feet from the end of the runway. All or nearly all of the passengers evacuated the aircraft, with no known serious injuries. However, air and water temperatures were near freezing; drowning and exposure accounted for 36 fatalities.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "A nose gear retraction difficulty in connection with an icing condition or a power loss, which made the aircraft incapable of maintaining flight."

Sources:
» CAB File No. 1-0017


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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Anchorage-Elmendorf AFB, AK et Tacoma-McChord AFB, WA est de 2322 km (1451 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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Douglas DC-4

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