Crash-aerien 05 DEC 1954 d'un Ilyushin Il-12P CCCP-L1320 - Alma-Ata
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Date:dimanche 5 dcembre 1954
Type/Sous-type:Iliouchine Il-12P
Compagnie:Aeroflot, Kazakstan Civil Aviation Directorate
Immatriculation: CCCP-L1320
Numéro de série: 30126
Année de Fabrication: 1947
Heures de vol:4645
Equipage:victimes: 1 / à bord: 5
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 14
Total:victimes: 1 / à bord: 19
Dégats de l'appareil: Perte Totale
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:4,5 km (2.8 milles) NW of Alma-Ata (   Kazakhstan)
Phase de vol: En approche (APR)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Alma-Ata Airport (ALA/UAAA), Kazakhstan
Aéroport de destination:Karaganda Airport (KGF/UAKK), Kazakhstan
Numéro de vol:98
Shortly after takeoff from Alma-Ata on the first leg of a flight to Moscow, the left engine developed a malfunction. The aircraft reached a height of 100 m before it began losing height and speed.
The captain decided to make an emergency landing at the military airfield at Pervomaiski, 4.5 km north-west of Alma-Ata Airport but the aircraft hit a building, several trees and two telegraph poles.
The aircraft crash-landed wheels-up and ran into another building.

Probable Cause:

The causes of the disaster were:
1) Burnout of the air self-start valve of the 10th cylinder of the left engine due to poor maintenance, mistaken by the crew for a fire in the engine and leading to a single-engine flight at low altitude.
2) When performing a single-engine flight, the PIC made gross mistakes in the piloting technique:
a) made a turn with a roll of 5 ° to an inoperative motor at a speed of 180-170 km / h at an altitude of 80-70 m;
b) alternately gave afterburner to the right engine in the process of turning, which significantly increased the plane's slip with a roll on the inoperative engine and led to a loss of altitude and speed.
The pilot's gross errors in piloting technique were aided by the fact that the co-pilot was in the left seat. The PIC has not been tested in piloting from the right seat since September 1952.
Contributing reasons:
1) poor organization and condition of aircraft maintenance
2) unsatisfactory training of crews for single-engine flight and poor training of crews for flights in 151 AO.
3) poor discipline of the flight and technical personnel in the airport Alma-Ata.



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Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Alma-Ata Airport et Karaganda Airport est de 752 km (470 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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