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Accident
Last updated: 23 October 2017
Statuts:Préliminaire
Date:samedi 15 janvier 1955
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic VISC model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Vickers 701 Viscount
Compagnie:British European Airways - BEA
Immatriculation: G-AMOK
Numéro de série: 24
Année de Fabrication: 1953
Moteurs: 4 Rolls-Royce Dart 505
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 5
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 25
Total:victimes: 0 / à bord: 30
Dégats de l'appareil: Substantiels
Conséquences: Repaired
Lieu de l'accident:London Airport (LHR) (   Royaume Uni)
Phase de vol: Au décollage (TOF)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Intern.
Aéroport de départ:London Airport (LHR/EGLL), Royaume Uni
Aéroport de destination:Nice-le Var Airport (NCE/LFMN), France
Détails:
The flight was cleared for takeoff from runway 15R at London-Heathrow, for a departure on a flight to Athens-Hellinikon (LGAT) via Nice-Le Var (LFMN). However, in poor visibility (400 yards) the pilot selected runway 3, which was a disused runway. The runway did not have markings to show it was disused.

On its attempted takeoff, the Viscount struck a barrier of steel girders which tore off the two port engines and part of the landing gear. Some of the aircraft's fuel tanks were punctured, but the aircraft did not catch fire. Of the 30 souls on board, the captain and one passenger received minor injuries.

A subsequent inquiry blamed the aircraft's commander and First Officer of not checking whether they had selected the right runway. Both pilots were temporally suspended and stripped of their seniority, but subsequently allowed to resume flights with the company. The inquest also resulted in recommendations on the runway/taxiway markings and ground controlling at London Airport.

Note: "Runway 3" was a designation for one of the original pattern runways of Heathrow Airport. It had a 15/33 alignment, and crossed the airport at the spot where the present-day Terminal 3 is. The runway was closed in 1949 - six years prior to the accident - to allow for the construction of the airport's Central Terminal. Under the same designation system, runway 15L/33R, the runway in use, was called "Runway 6".

Sources:
» Vickers Viscount Network (vickersviscount.net)
» Flight International 21 Jan. 1955
» Flight International 23 Sep. 1955


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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre London Airport et Nice-le Var Airport est de 1034 km (646 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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