Accident
Last updated: 23 April 2014
Estado:Final
Fecha:lunes 29 agosto 1955
Hora:12:45 MST
Tipo:Silhouette image of generic DC3 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Douglas DC-3-191A
Operador:Continental Air Lines
Registración: N18945
Numéro de série: 2018
Año de Construcción: 1938
Horas Totales de la Célula:50837
Tripulación:Fatalidades: 0 / Ocupantes: 3
Pasajeros:Fatalidades: 0 / Ocupantes: 11
Total:Fatalidades: 0 / Ocupantes: 14
Daños en la Aeronave: Considerable
Consecuencias: Repaired
Ubicación:Hobbs, NM (   Estados Unidos de América)
Fase: Aproximación (APR)
Naturaleza:Vuelo Doméstico Programado
Aeropuerto de Salida:Carlsbad Airport, NM (CNM/KCNM), Estados Unidos de América
Aeropuerto de Llegada:Hobbs-Lea County Airport, NM (HOB), Estados Unidos de América
Número de Vuelo: 114
Descripción:
The DC-3 left Carlsbad for Hobbs at 1217 hours on a VFR flight plan. At 1237 the flight asked Lea County Airport if there was any local traffic and was advised that none was visible from the terminal. When approximately 3-1/2 miles from the airport the first officer turned right to a heading of 120 degrees starting a base leg for runway 03 and maintained an altitude of 4 500 feet msl about 840 feet above the ground, while on the base leg. A left turn from base to final for runway 03 was made approximately 2-1/2 miles out and about 800 feet above the ground. At one- half mile out flaps were extended fully at an airspeed of 95 knots. The captain called the airspeed with each 5 knots change and the aircraft crossed the field boundary at 80 knots. At this time the captain saw from the left side window the shadow of an aircraft converging with his flight path over the runway. He skidded the aircraft evasively to the right, used emergency power and called for gear up. He then saw a Piper PA-22-135 Tri-Pacer (N3334B) close ahead, above and nearly into his left propeller. Almost instantly the propeller struck the tail surfaces of the Piper. The DC-3 made an emergency pullout, circled the airport and landed on runway 17 without further incident. The Piper Pa-22 had departed Wichita Falls, TX, at approximately 0950 hours on a VFR flight for Hobbs. On nearing the airport the pilot altered his course slightly to the left in order to enter the traffic pattern on a downwind leg for runway 3. This leg was flown at an altitude of approximately 4 460 feet msl, 800 feet above the ground, about one-half to three-quarters of a mile to the west- northwest of runway 3. The pilot stated that while flying the downwind leg, he looked for other traffic and saw none. He said he made a left turn, establishing a base leg about 1/4mile long, and again checked the area for other traffic. None was seen. The left turn to final was steepened and at an airspeed of approximately 68 knots, full flaps, to the second notch, were applied. As he neared the approach end of runway 3, he realized that he was too high and started a forward slip to lose altitude and land short on the runway. At this time his airspeed was between 45 and 55 knots. Just after passing the end of the runway. he heard a loud roar and on glancing out of the right window he saw the nose of another aircraft alongside and slightly above him (at 30-40 feet). At his point the two aircraft collided and the Piper crashed to runway 03 some 560 feet from its approach end.

PROBABLE CAUSE: "Lack of sufficient visual alertness on the part of the pilots of both aircraft, and failure of the Piper pilot to comply fully with the local traffic pattern."

Fuentes:
» ICAO Aircraft Accident Digest, Circular 50-AN/45 (173-176)


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Carlsbad Airport, NM to Hobbs-Lea County Airport, NM as the crow flies is 105 km (66 miles).

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