Accident
Last updated: 17 September 2014
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:lundi 29 août 1955
Heure:12:45 MST
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic DC3 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Douglas DC-3-191A
Compagnie:Continental Air Lines
Immatriculation: N18945
Numéro de série: 2018
Année de Fabrication: 1938
Heures de vol:50837
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 3
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 11
Total:victimes: 0 / à bord: 14
Dégats de l'appareil: Substantiels
Conséquences: Repaired
Lieu de l'accident:Hobbs, NM (   Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
Phase de vol: En approche (APR)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Carlsbad Airport, NM (CNM/KCNM), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Aéroport de destination:Hobbs-Lea County Airport, NM (HOB), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Numéro de vol: 114
Détails:
The DC-3 left Carlsbad for Hobbs at 1217 hours on a VFR flight plan. At 1237 the flight asked Lea County Airport if there was any local traffic and was advised that none was visible from the terminal. When approximately 3-1/2 miles from the airport the first officer turned right to a heading of 120 degrees starting a base leg for runway 03 and maintained an altitude of 4 500 feet msl about 840 feet above the ground, while on the base leg. A left turn from base to final for runway 03 was made approximately 2-1/2 miles out and about 800 feet above the ground. At one- half mile out flaps were extended fully at an airspeed of 95 knots. The captain called the airspeed with each 5 knots change and the aircraft crossed the field boundary at 80 knots. At this time the captain saw from the left side window the shadow of an aircraft converging with his flight path over the runway. He skidded the aircraft evasively to the right, used emergency power and called for gear up. He then saw a Piper PA-22-135 Tri-Pacer (N3334B) close ahead, above and nearly into his left propeller. Almost instantly the propeller struck the tail surfaces of the Piper. The DC-3 made an emergency pullout, circled the airport and landed on runway 17 without further incident. The Piper Pa-22 had departed Wichita Falls, TX, at approximately 0950 hours on a VFR flight for Hobbs. On nearing the airport the pilot altered his course slightly to the left in order to enter the traffic pattern on a downwind leg for runway 3. This leg was flown at an altitude of approximately 4 460 feet msl, 800 feet above the ground, about one-half to three-quarters of a mile to the west- northwest of runway 3. The pilot stated that while flying the downwind leg, he looked for other traffic and saw none. He said he made a left turn, establishing a base leg about 1/4mile long, and again checked the area for other traffic. None was seen. The left turn to final was steepened and at an airspeed of approximately 68 knots, full flaps, to the second notch, were applied. As he neared the approach end of runway 3, he realized that he was too high and started a forward slip to lose altitude and land short on the runway. At this time his airspeed was between 45 and 55 knots. Just after passing the end of the runway. he heard a loud roar and on glancing out of the right window he saw the nose of another aircraft alongside and slightly above him (at 30-40 feet). At his point the two aircraft collided and the Piper crashed to runway 03 some 560 feet from its approach end.

PROBABLE CAUSE: "Lack of sufficient visual alertness on the part of the pilots of both aircraft, and failure of the Piper pilot to comply fully with the local traffic pattern."

Sources:
» ICAO Aircraft Accident Digest, Circular 50-AN/45 (173-176)


Photos

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Flight path.
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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposé destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Carlsbad Airport, NM et Hobbs-Lea County Airport, NM est de 105 km (66 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tels qui sont connus à ce jour.
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