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Accident
Last updated: 12 December 2017
Status:Schlussbericht
Datum:Montag 20 Februar 1956
Zeit:ca 02:45 UTC
Flugzeugtyp:Silhouette image of generic DC6 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Douglas DC-6B
Fluggesellschaft:Transports Aériens Intercontinentaux - TAI
Kennzeichen: F-BGOD
Werknummer: 43835/380
Baujahr: 1953
Triebwerk: 4 Pratt & Whitney R-2800
Besatzung:Todesopfer: 3 / Insassen: 9
Fluggäste:Todesopfer: 49 / Insassen: 55
Gesamt:Todesopfer: 52 / Insassen: 64
Sachschaden: Zerstört
Konsequenzen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Unfallort:29 km (18.1 Meilen) SE of Cairo International Airport (CAI) (   Ägypten)
Flugphase: Annäherung (APR)
Betriebsart:Internationaler Linienflug
Flug von:Karachi International Airport (KHI/OPKC), Pakistan
Flug nach:Cairo International Airport (CAI/HECA), Ägypten
Unfallbericht:
The DC-6 aircraft was on a scheduled flight from Saigon to Paris, France and had left Karachi for Cairo on 19 February at 17:15 UTC. The captain, a company DC-6B check pilot, occupied the right-hand seat during the flight leg between Karachi and Cairo, and the co-pilot, the left-hand seat. He was being checked on this flight as a DC-6B trainee-captain.
The flight was routine until 02:30 (20 February) when the aircraft reported to Cairo Air Traffic Control that it had passed Suez (60 miles east of Cairo) at 02:24 at a flight level of 8500 feet, flying VFR and was descending. At 02:40 it reported the Cairo aerodrome in sight and being 15 miles out, was granted an authorization for a VFR approach and at the same time was given the QFE and QNH, 29.42 and 29.73 respectively. Contact was established with Cairo approach and the aircraft requested and received landing instructions and was asked to call down wind.
When the crew reported the airport in sight, at an altitude of 4500 feet, both crew members thought they were going to overshoot so they lowered the undercarriage and the flaps to increase the rate of descent while maintaining the same speed. The airplane descended to an altitude of 2000 feet, which is 1500 feet below the minimum safe flight altitude for the sector. Descent was continued until the aircraft struck the ground in a nose down attitude. The starboard wing ruptured following the severe shocks sustained by the landing gear, engines and propellers. A fire erupted.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The accident was due to the failure of the pilot-in-command to monitor the co-pilot during a direct approach procedure and the reliance of the latter on his instruments exclusively to fix his position relative to the runway at an altitude below the minimum safe altitude. The factor of crew member fatigue can not be ruled out."

Informationsquelle:
» Air Britain Casualty compendium (pt. 66)
» ICAO Circular 54-AN/49 (Digest 8, nr.11)


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Karachi International Airport to Cairo International Airport as the crow flies is 3537 km (2211 miles).
Accident location: Global; accuracy within tens or hundreds of kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Douglas DC-6

  • 704 built
  • 27th loss
  • 21st Fataler Unfall
  • 3rd worst accident (Zu diesem Zeitpunkt)
  • 13th worst accident (Momentan)
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 Ägypten
  • 2nd worst accident (Zu diesem Zeitpunkt)
  • 7th worst accident (Momentan)
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