Accident description
Last updated: 24 October 2014
Status:Final
Date:Thursday 21 November 1957
Time:11:33
Type:Bristol 170 Freighter 31
Operator:Straits Air Freight Express
Registration: ZK-AYH
C/n / msn: 12828
First flight:
Total airframe hrs:7898
Cycles:12964
Crew:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 2
Total:Fatalities: 4 / Occupants: 4
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:Christchurch (   New Zealand) show on map
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Cargo
Departure airport:Paraparaumu Airport (PPQ/NZPP), New Zealand
Destination airport:Timaru Airport (TIU/NZTU), New Zealand
Narrative:
The Bristol departed Blenheim-Woodbourne Airport (BHE) for a cargo light to Timaru (TIU) via Paraparaumu (PPQ). At an altitude of 2500 feet the no. 2 prop was feathered and rate half turns were made in both directions. The prop was unfeathered and normal power restored on the engine. Two minutes later a sudden and severe vibration was felt throughout the aircraft. When the no. 2 prop had been feathered again a little later, no vibration was felt on the remainder of the flight to Paraparaumu. After loading cargo the aircraft then continued to Timaru. At 11:27 the crew contacted Harewood Tower, reporting 6 miles North of Waimakariri River mouth at 3000 feet. Harewood cleared the aircraft to maintain 3000 feet to the Harewood Range Station, descend VFR and proceed to Timaru. At 11:33 eyewitnesses saw the aircraft at about 2000 feet when the right hand outer wing folded upwards and backwards and separated, falling and landing on open farmland. The nose doors, the floor of the freight compartment (with the freight in position), and the rear portion of the fuselage with the fin and rudder attached, separated from the rest of the aircraft just before impact. Pieces were scattered over an area of more than a square mile.
The rest of the aircraft ploughed nose down into a row of pine trees on the south-east boundary of the Russley Golf Course. Here the flight deck and front section erupted in a huge sheet of flame and spread to the trees as the unused fuel sprayed over the area.
It was found out that a fatigue failure originated in the outermost 0,25inch bolt hole drilled in the wing front spar during the incorporation of Bristol Modification 1169. This modification prolonged the life of the aircraft to 10400 hours because it moved the point of stress concentrated in the boom to a new location. The modification was carried out on January 21, 1954 and the aircraft made 4880 flying hours since (while 7400 hours extended liftetime had been guaranteed).


PROBABLE CAUSE: "In-flight structural fatigue failure of the starboard front lower spar boom. The circumstances which made the accident possible were created by the assessment of a life which was materially in excess of the safe life. The error in life assessment stemmed from the fact that simulated operational conditions from which the lifeing data was evolved were not truly representative of actual operating conditions."

Classification:
Wing failure
Loss of control

Sources:
» ICAO Accident Digest, Circular 59-AN/54 (51-58)
» Christchurch Local History Fact Files


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Paraparaumu Airport to Timaru Airport as the crow flies is 486 km (304 miles).

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