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Accident
Last updated: 17 October 2017
Status:Schlussbericht
Datum:Samstag 17 Januar 1959
Zeit:16:23
Flugzeugtyp:Silhouette image of generic CONI model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Lockheed L-1049G Super Constellation
Fluggesellschaft:Eastern Air Lines
Kennzeichen: N6240G
Werknummer: 4665
Baujahr: 1956
Betriebsstunden:7309
Triebwerk: 4 Wright R-3350 (988TC18EA3)
Besatzung:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 5
Fluggäste:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 12
Gesamt:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 17
Sachschaden: schwer beschädigt
Konsequenzen: Repaired
Unfallort:Miami International Airport, FL (MIA) (   USA)
Flugphase: Landung (LDG)
Betriebsart:Inländischer planmäßiger Passagierflug
Flug von:Miami International Airport, FL (MIA/KMIA), USA
Flug nach:Detroit-Wayne Major Airport, MI (DTW/KDTW), USA
Flugnummer:EA704
Unfallbericht:
Eastern Air Lines flight 704 took off from runway 27R at Miami International Airport at 16:21 hours.
At about 150 feet above the runway and about the time the undercarriage was retracted the captain noticed fluctuations of the no. 3 engine tachometer. The rpm momentarily dropped from 2600 to 2300 rpm.
The engine began losing power and the captain ordered the engine to be shut down. The flight engineer accomplished these procedures. He did not use the emergency firewall shutoff because no fire was indicated.
However, Miami tower personnel noticed the aircraft trailing smoke and flames from the no. 3 engine nacelle area. The local controller informed the flight and cleared it to land on any runway.
The flight engineer then fired two fire extinguishing bottles of the no. 3 engine. Fire however continued to burn until the aircraft landed on the runway.
After touchdown braking became ineffective and the no. 4 engine stopped. Also, the nose wheel steering failed. The aircraft overran the runway, upon which the right hand main gear collapsed. All occupants evacuated and the fire was extinguished by fire services in about 30 minutes.

Probable Cause:

Probable Cause: "The Board determines that the probable cause of this accident was an uncontrollable fire ignited in zone 3-A by a burning breather discharge which was ignited by and combined with an abnormal exhaust flame during engine failure."



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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Miami International Airport, FL to Detroit-Wayne Major Airport, MI as the crow flies is 1836 km (1147 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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