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Accident
Last updated: 23 October 2017
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:mardi 12 mai 1959
Heure:16:13
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic VISC model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Vickers 745D Viscount
Compagnie:Capital Airlines
Immatriculation: N7463
Numéro de série: 287
Année de Fabrication: 1957
Heures de vol:4180
Moteurs: 4 Rolls-Royce Dart 510
Equipage:victimes: 4 / à bord: 4
Passagers:victimes: 27 / à bord: 27
Total:victimes: 31 / à bord: 31
Dégats de l'appareil: Perte Totale
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:Chase, MD (   Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
Phase de vol: En vol (ENR)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:New York-La Guardia Airport, NY (LGA/KLGA), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Aéroport de destination:Atlanta Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport, GA (ATL/KATL), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Numéro de vol: 75
Détails:
Capital Airlines Flight 75 taxied away from the terminal at 15:20, 20 minutes late. The Vickers Viscount took off from runway 22 at 15:29 and climbed to 14,000 feet, and onto the assigned airway Victor 3. At 16:02 Flight 75 contacted the Washington Center, reporting over Westchester and estimating Westminster at 16:17, with Herndon next. In the same message it advised, "... ah, we've got a pretty good string of thunderstorms along that course ... ah, if we could stay in the clear and stay a little bit south of Westminster, is that O.K. with you?" The center controller replied "Capital 75, that'll be all right and report passing Westminster." The flight acknowledged. At 16:10 the flight advised, "Ah, Washington Center, this is Capital 75, we've reduced to one seven zero knots account rough air." This was the last message from the flight. Just three minutes later the aircraft lost control in an area of severe turbulence and entered a steep descent. The aircraft probably reached an airspeed of 335 knots, which is 15 percent in excess of the Viscount never-exceed speed or about 5 percent in excess of VD, the maximum speed demonstrated in certification. At an altitude of approx. 5000 feet both horizontal stabilizers simultaneously failed downward separated. Following separation of the right and left stabilizers the aircraft pitched down violently so that all, four engine nacelles broke upward from combined inertia and gyroscopic loads. Immediately thereafter both wings were subjected to extreme downloads under which the right separated and the structural integrity of the left wing was destroyed. With the nacelles, right wing, and stabilizers gone, drag induced by the left wing yawed the fuselage violently to the left. Forces to the left tore off the vertical fin with portions of the fuselage attached, the latter already weakened when the left stabilizer stub tore away. During the subsequent gyrations the left wing broke up, its fuel cells were opened and the flash fire occurred. At the saw time the remaining fuselage disintegrated.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The Board determines that the probable cause of this accident was a loss of control of the aircraft in extreme turbulence resulting in an involuntary steep descent following which aerodynamic loads from high airspeed, recovery, and turbulence exceeded the design strength of the aircraft."

Sources:
» Civil Aeronautics Board File No 1-005
» ICAO Accident Digest Circular 62-AN/57 (120-123)


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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre New York-La Guardia Airport, NY et Atlanta Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport, GA est de 1216 km (760 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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Vickers Viscount

  • 445 built
  • 22ème loss
  • 13ème accident fatal
  • le accident 3ème le plus grave (à ce moment là)
  • le accident 24ème le plus grave (en ce moment)
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