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Accident description
Last updated: 17 October 2017
Status:
Date:Tuesday 19 January 1960
Time:18:47
Type:Silhouette image of generic S210 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Sud Aviation SE-210 Caravelle I
Operator:Scandinavian Airlines System - SAS
Registration: OY-KRB
C/n / msn: 14
First flight: 1959
Engines: 2 Rolls-Royce Avon 522
Crew:Fatalities: 7 / Occupants: 7
Passengers:Fatalities: 35 / Occupants: 35
Total:Fatalities: 42 / Occupants: 42
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:ca 10 km SW of Ankara-Esenboga Airport (ESB) (   Turkey)
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Istanbul-Yesilköy Airport (IST/LTBA), Turkey
Destination airport:Ankara-Esenboga Airport (ESB/LTAC), Turkey
Flightnumber: 871
Narrative:
SAS Flight SK871 to Ankara (ESB) was uneventful until the approach. The flight was taken over by Ankara Control at reporting point Göynük, at 18:26 UTC. The aircraft arrived over Ankara range station at 18:41 at FL135 descending to FL120 in accordance with the clearance given. It changed over to the tower frequency and received further let-down and approach instructions. The crew acknowledged receipt of the instructions and the flight reported Ankara range station inbound at 18:45 at an altitude of 6500 feet descending.
At 18:47 the aircraft struck the ground at an elevation of 3500 feet (1067 m), between Ankara range and the Airport. Apparently, after reporting it continued on a heading of 031 degrees, descending to the impact point.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The accident occurred because of an unintentional descent below the authorized minimum flight altitude during final approach to Esenboga Airport. The reason for this descent could not be ascertained due to lack of conclusive evidence."

Classification:
Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Mountain

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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Istanbul-Yesilköy Airport to Ankara-Esenboga Airport as the crow flies is 363 km (227 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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