Accident description
Last updated: 23 October 2014
Status:Final
Date:Thursday 17 March 1960
Time:15:25
Type:Lockheed L-188C Electra
Operator:Northwest Orient Airlines
Registration: N121US
C/n / msn: 1057
First flight: 1959
Total airframe hrs:1786
Engines: 4 Allison 501-D13
Crew:Fatalities: 6 / Occupants: 6
Passengers:Fatalities: 57 / Occupants: 57
Total:Fatalities: 63 / Occupants: 63
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:9 km (5.6 mls) NE of Cannelton, IN (   United States of America) show on map
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Chicago-Midway Airport, IL (MDW/KMDW), United States of America
Destination airport:Miami International Airport, FL (MIA/KMIA), United States of America
Flightnumber: 710
Narrative:
Electra N121US was operating on Northwest Flight 710 from Minneapolis (MSP) to Chicago (MDW) and Miami (MIA). The flight departed Minneapolis at 12:51 and arrived at Midway at 13:55. During the short time the aircraft was on the ground at Chicago, approximately 30 minutes, it was refueled and prepared for continuation of the flight to Miami. The flight departed Chicago at 14:38. At 14:45, the flight reported to the Indianapolis, Indiana, ARTC Center over Milford at 18,000 feet and estimating Scotland, Indiana, at 15:12. At 15:13, Flight 710 reported over Scotland maintaining 18,000 feet and estimating Bowling Green, Kentucky, at 15:35. This was the last radio contact with the flight.
At 15:25 the outboard engines and engine support structures, the complete right wing, and the outer portions of the left wing and ailerons separated in flight. The aircraft crashed out of control.


PROBABLE CAUSE: "The Board determines that tho probable cause of this accident was the separation of the right wing in flight due to flutter induced by oscillations of the outboard nacelles. Contributing factors were a reduced stiffness of the structure and the entry of the aircraft into an area of severe clear air turbulence. "

Classification:
Turbulence
Wing failure
Loss of control

Sources:


Follow-up / safety actions
Modifications to all Lockheed Electra aircraft which included nacelle-wing improvements.

Photos

photo of Lockheed L-188C Electra N121US
photo of Lockheed L-188C Electra N121US
photo of Lockheed L-188C Electra N121US
photo of Lockheed L-188C Electra N121US
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Chicago-Midway Airport, IL to Miami International Airport, FL as the crow flies is 1892 km (1183 miles).

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Lockheed L-188

  • 3rd loss
  • 222 built
  • 2nd worst accident (at the time)
  • 8th worst accident (currently)
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 United States of America
  • 6th worst accident (at the time)
  • 46th worst accident (currently)
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