Accident description
Last updated: 21 August 2014
Status:Final
Date:Wednesday 12 July 1961
Time:01:25 UTC
Type:Ilyushin 18V
Operator:CSA Ceskoslovenské Aerolinie
Registration: OK-PAF
C/n / msn: 181002904
First flight: 1961
Total airframe hrs:268
Engines: 4 Ivchenko AI-20
Crew:Fatalities: 8 / Occupants: 8
Passengers:Fatalities: 64 / Occupants: 64
Total:Fatalities: 72 / Occupants: 72
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:13 km (8.1 mls) SSW of Casablanca-Anfa Airport (CAS) (   Morocco) show on map
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Zürich-Kloten Airport (ZRH/LSZH), Switzerland
Destination airport:Rabat-Sale Airport (RBA/GMME), Morocco
Flightnumber: 511
Narrative:
An Ilyushin 18, OK-PAF, was destroyed when it crashed near Casablanca-Anfa Airport (CAS), Morocco. All 72 on board were killed.
CSA Flight OK-511 was an international passenger flight from Prague (PRH), Czechoslovakia to Conakry (CKY), Guinea with en route stops at Zurich (ZRH), Switzerland, Rabat (RBA), Morocco, and Dakar (DKR), Senegal.
It departed Zurich at 20:43 on 11 July. The en route part of the flight trip was uneventful. At 01:00 the aircraft contacted Sale Tower and requested weather information. The tower replied: "visibility 10 m (30 ft), ground fog, clear sky." The flight then advised it was heading for Casablanca, the alternate.
At 01:06 the aircraft gave its position as 5 miles from Casablanca-Anfa (CAS), requested permission to descend and asked for landing instructions. The aircraft was asked to call when on the downwind leg. Four minutes later the flight was asked to call when on final approach and was told that he was number one for landing, the surface wind was 040°at 4 kts. The pilot replied that he would call when over the range station. The aircraft flew over the field at 01:13, and three minutes later the pilot gave his altitude as 400 m (1300 ft) and indicated a ceiling of 150 m (500 ft). The flight was advised that cloud was 7/8, ceiling 140-150 m (450 to 500 ft). Three minutes later conditions were 7/8, 100 m (330 ft). At 01:22 the aircraft requested permission to land in Casablanca-Nouasseur Airport (CMN) if possible, and the tower asked him to wait. Two minutes later the aircraft was asked how much fuel it had remaining. It replied it had enough for 90 minutes. During the time Anfa control was transmitting this request to the American authorities in Nouasseur, the aircraft crashed at 01:25, in line with runway 03 about 8 miles from its threshold.

On March 28, 1961 another CSA Il-18 operating on the same flight, OK-511, crashed near Nurnberg, Germany killing all 52 on board.


PROBABLE CAUSE: "None of the assumptions i.e. Material failure, electrical failure, abrupt manoeuvre to avoid another aircraft and unfavourable weather conditions, satisfied the investigating commission as being a definite cause of the accident. The last one, however, although unlikely at first sight, could account for the accident if the crew warned of the deteriorating weather by the Anfa tower had decided to take advantage of the partial visibility (of the ground) between stratus cloud and had attempted a fast let-down in unfavourable conditions."

Classification:
Low visibility
Cause undetermined
Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Ground

Sources:
» ICAO Digest 13 (Circular 69)
» Soviet Transports


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Zürich-Kloten Airport to Rabat-Sale Airport as the crow flies is 1950 km (1219 miles).

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Ilyushin 18

  • 8th loss
  • 569 built
  • worst accident (at the time)
  • 16th worst accident (currently)
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 Morocco
  • worst accident (at the time)
  • 5th worst accident (currently)
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