ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-47A-75-DL (DC-3) VP-YRX Salisbury Airport (HRE)
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Date:Wednesday 22 November 1961
Type:Silhouette image of generic DC3 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Douglas C-47A-75-DL (DC-3)
Operator:Rhodesian Air Services
Registration: VP-YRX
MSN: 19351
First flight: 1943
Total airframe hrs:18716
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney R-1830-92
Crew:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 3
Aircraft damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:Salisbury Airport (HRE) (   Zimbabwe)
Phase: Approach (APR)
Departure airport:Salisbury Airport (HRE/FVHA), Zimbabwe
Destination airport:Livingstone Airport (LVI/FLLI), Zambia
The DC-3 took off from Salisbury, now Harare, to pick up United Nations troops at Livingstone. After takeoff the right wing dipped. After a slow recovery, it climbed away to 100-150 feet and then went into a turn to the left with the no. 1 prop windmilling. The turn steepened until the DC-3 rolled over and dived inverted to the ground some 600yds southeast of the threshold of runway 06.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "Failure of the pilot to execute a successful single-engine forced landing after concluding that there had been a power loss in the port engine. Evidence indicated that a failure of the port engine did not, in fact, occur. The pre-takeoff rudder trimmer check was not carried out correctly as laid down in the checklist, and the aircraft took off with full left rudder trim applied. Once airborne this was misinterpreted as port engine failure, and the port propeller was feathered. No apparent action was taken by the pilot to correct the ensuing critical speed yaw."


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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Salisbury Airport to Livingstone Airport as the crow flies is 556 km (347 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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