Descripción:At 10:05 American Flight 1 was cleared for takeoff from runway 31L on a scheduled domestic non-stop IFR flight to Los Angeles. The aircraft carried out what appeared to be a normal takeoff, and lift-off was at 10:07 hours about 5000 ft down runway 31L. At 10:07:37 the aircraft started a gentle turn to the left approximately 8000 ft down the runway, at an altitude of 100 ft, and was established on a heading of 290° at 10:07:42. Straightening out from the turn, the aircraft continued to climb for several seconds on a heading of 290° and started a second turn to the left as instructed by Departure Control. These manoeuvres were in accordance with the noise abatement procedures then in effect for taking-off from runway 31L. Having started the second turn, the angle of bank increased until the aircraft rolled through 90° of bank at a peak altitude of about 1600 ft msl . It then entered an inverted, nose-low attitude and plunged earthward in a nearly vertical dive. It struck the earth in the shallow waters of Pumpkin Patch Channel of Jamaica Bay during low tide. Impact was at an angle of approximately 78° nose down on a magnetic heading of 300°. Fire broke out a few minutes later.
|Fecha:||jueves 1 marzo 1962|
|Numéro de série:|| 17633/12|
|Año de Construcción:|| 1959|
|Horas Totales de la Célula:||8147|
|Motores:|| 4 Pratt & Whitney JT3D-1-MC6|
|Tripulación:||Fatalidades: 8 / Ocupantes: 8|
|Pasajeros:||Fatalidades: 87 / Ocupantes: 87|
|Total:||Fatalidades: 95 / Ocupantes: 95 |
|Daños en la Aeronave:|| Destruido|
|Consecuencias:|| Written off (damaged beyond repair)|
|Ubicación:||Jamaica Bay, NY ( Estados Unidos de América)
|Fase:|| Ascenso Inicial (ICL)|
|Naturaleza:||Vuelo Doméstico Programado|
|Aeropuerto de Salida:||New York-Idlewild International Airport, NY (IDL/KIDL), Estados Unidos de América|
|Aeropuerto de Llegada:||Los Angeles International Airport, CA (LAX/KLAX), Estados Unidos de América|
|Número de Vuelo:|| AA1|
PROBABLE CAUSE: "A rudder control system malfunction, producing yaw, sideslip, and roll leading to a loss of control from which recovery action was not effective." (CAB)
» ICAO Accident Digest No.14 Volume II, Circular 71-AN/63 (22-35)
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not
display the exact flight path.
Distance from New York-Idlewild International Airport, NY to Los Angeles International Airport, CA as the crow flies is 3947 km (2467 miles).