Accident description
Last updated: 21 August 2014
Status:Final
Date:Friday 23 November 1962
Time:ca 14:10
Type:Ilyushin 18V
Operator:Malev Hungarian Airlines
Registration: HA-MOD
C/n / msn: 180002002
First flight: 1960
Total airframe hrs:2363
Engines: 4 Ivchenko AI-20A
Crew:Fatalities: 8 / Occupants: 8
Passengers:Fatalities: 13 / Occupants: 13
Total:Fatalities: 21 / Occupants: 21
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:6,1 km (3.8 mls) ENE of Paris-Le Bourget Airport (LBG) (   France) show on map
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Frankfurt International Airport (FRA/EDDF), Germany
Destination airport:Paris-Le Bourget Airport (LBG/LFPB), France
Flightnumber: 355
Narrative:
Malev Airlines Flight 355 was a scheduled international transportation service from Budapest to Frankfurt and Parts. The flight departed Budapest for Frankfurt at 0744 hours GMT. The crew reported to the Frankfurt meteorological office for briefing at 0950 hours when the pilot's attention was drawn to the frequent occurrences of log and stratus cloud, and the possibility of light icing in stratus cloud The crew remained in the meteorological office for two hours checking successive weather reports from Orly and Le Bourget Airports. There were 13 passengers and a crew aboard when the flight departed Frankfurt for Le Bourget with the pilot-in-command occupying the left-hand seat. The first radio contact with North Area Control Centre was made at 1332 hours when the flight reported it had passed over Luxembourg at 1331 hours at flight level 180 and estimated the next reporting point MY at 1335 hours. It was then Instructed to report over MY, CH and BE. From 1344:20 hours to 1355:20 hours the flight received progressive descent clearances down to 1800 feet. At 1348:50 when the aircraft reported over CH, it was instructed to proceed to BN. However, at 1354:40 when reporting approaching BN the controller stated that it was cleared to BE and not to BN. This was acknowledged by the aircraft without repeating the message. At 1356:10 hours the flight was cleared by Le Bourget Approach for final approach. At 1356:10 the controller asked the aircraft whether it was heading BE or UN. Ten seconds later the aircraft confirmed that it was heading for BN and was then requested again to proceed to BE. The aircraft was instructed to call when over BE and was advised that it was number 2 to land. Confirmation of the QNH (altimeter setting) was given to the aircraft, and it was cleared for final approach at 1359 hours. At 1401:40 Le Bourget Approach called the aircraft, and the aircraft reported on final and stated it would call "over BE". The controller gave the aircraft its position as 2 miles east of BE and asked the pilot if he was making an ILS approach. This was confirmed. At 1405:10 hours the aircraft contacted the tower and advised it would reach BE at 1800 feet and was making an ILS approach on runway 25. At 1405:30 hours the aircraft reported over BE. It should then have been in level flight with 15deg of flap, at about 500 m (1500 ft) and at a speed of 310-320 km/h. There was no further radio contact between the aircraft and the tower although the aircraft should have reported over the outer marker at approximately 300 m (900 ft). At 1421 hours the airport authorities were informed by the police that the aircraft had crashed about 8OO m beyond the outer marker and about 135 m to the right of the ILS centreline.

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The accident was the result of a stall during approach in the configuration landing gear extended, flaps 30deg. At the time of impact the four engines were nearly at full power. The Board has not been able to establish the cause of this stall whose pattern, according to the data supplied by the Soviet experts, can only be compatible with a G-load manoeuvre. The Board has not been able to discover what caused the manoevre."

Sources:
» ICAO Accident Digest No.14 Volume I, Circular 71-AN/63 (80-84)

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: Bureau d'Enquêtes et d'Analyses (BEA) - France
report status: Final
report number: Report hb-d621123
report released:29-FEB-1964
duration of investigation:463 days (1 year 3.3 months)
download report: Rapport final de la commission d'enquête sur l'accident survenu le 23 novembre 1962 à Roissy-en-France à l'avion Ilyouchine 18 HA-MOD de la Compagnie Malev (BEA Report hb-d621123)
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Frankfurt International Airport to Paris-Le Bourget Airport as the crow flies is 453 km (283 miles).

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Ilyushin 18

  • 14th loss
  • 569 built
  • 6th worst accident (at the time)
  • 37th worst accident (currently)
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 France
  • 17th worst accident (at the time)
  • 32nd worst accident (currently)
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