Accident description
Last updated: 21 September 2014
Status:
Date:Friday 1 February 1963
Time:13:13 UTC
Type:Silhouette image of generic VISC model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Vickers 754D Viscount
Operator:Middle East Airlines - MEA
Registration: OD-ADE
C/n / msn: 244
First flight: 1957
Crew:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 11 / Occupants: 11
Total:Fatalities: 14 / Occupants: 14
Ground casualties:Fatalities: 87
Collision casualties:Fatalities: 3
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:Ankara (   Turkey) show on map
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Nicosia Airport (NIC/LCNC), Cyprus
Destination airport:Ankara-Esenboga Airport (ESB/LTAC), Turkey
Flightnumber: 265
Narrative:
Middle East flight 265 was descending for Ankara and had been cleared for a runway 03 approach. Last radio contact was when the flight reported being over the Ankara NDB at 8000 feet, descending for 6500 feet. The crew would contact Ankara again over the NDB when inbound. Turkish Air Force C-47 CBK28 had just completed an instrument training flight and was returning to Etesmigut Airport flying under VFR.
The Viscount (heading 280░ at 250km/h) overtook the C-47 (heading 240░ at 225km/h) and sliced off the left horizontal stabilizer with its no. 3 prop. The fuselage on the right side of the Viscount was torn ripped open, causing some passengers to be sucked out. Both aircraft crashed into a residential area of Ankara, killing 87 people on the ground. The collision took place below 7000 feet in clear weather conditions.


PROBABLE CAUSE: "The Viscount aircraft had an IFR flight plan but was cruising under VFR conditions when it hit, with the lower side of the nose and with its starboard wing, the C-47 aircraft of the Turkish Air Force between the door on the port side of the fuselage and the tail group at an angle of forty degrees from the left rear and at an angle of approximately five to ten degrees upward. It cut off, with its starboard inner (No.3) propeller, the port side horizontal stabilizer of the C-47 aircraft. The pilots of the Viscount aircraft did not see the C-47 aircraft cruising below 7000ft on their right-hand side forward, and the Viscount, having a higher speed, caught up with the C-47 from the left rear. At the last moment the Viscount pilots saw the C-47 and tried to avoid the collision by pulling up, but they did not succeed."

Classification:
VFR flight in IMC
Mid air collision
Loss of control

Sources:
» ICAO Accident Digest No.15 - Volume I, Circular 78-AN/66 (43-50)


Photos

photo of Vickers 754D Viscount OD-ADE
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Nicosia Airport to Ankara-Esenboga Airport as the crow flies is 550 km (344 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Networkĺs opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Vickers Viscount

  • 44th loss
  • 445 built
  • worst accident
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 Turkey
  • worst accident (at the time)
  • 2nd worst accident (currently)
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