ASN Aircraft accident Tupolev Tu-104B CCCP-42492 Irkutsk Airport (IKT)
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Date:Saturday 13 July 1963
Type:Silhouette image of generic t104 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Tupolev Tu-104B
Operator:Aeroflot, East Siberia Civil Aviation Directorate
Registration: CCCP-42492
MSN: 021605
First flight: 1960
Total airframe hrs:2497
Engines: 2 Mikulin AM-3M-500
Crew:Fatalities: 8 / Occupants: 8
Passengers:Fatalities: 25 / Occupants: 27
Total:Fatalities: 33 / Occupants: 35
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:2 km (1.3 mls) SE of Irkutsk Airport (IKT) (   Russia)
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Beijing-Capital International Airport (PEK/ZBAA), China
Destination airport:Irkutsk Airport (IKT/UIII), Russia
Flightnumber: 012
A Tupolev 104B passenger plane operated by Aeroflot's East Siberia division, was destroyed in an accident near Irkutsk Airport (IKT), Russia. There were 27 passengers and eight crew members on board. Two passengers survived the accident.
Flight 012 operated on a service from Beijing-Capital Airport (PEK), China to Moscow-Sheremetyevo Airport (SVO), Russia with an en route stop at Irkutsk.
Approaching Irkutsk, the flight was vectored for an approach and landing on runway 29. Visibility was 3500 m in rain but there was a low cloud cover at about 100 m.
When about 3 km from the runway, the airplane began to descend below the glide slope. The airplane struck approach lighting at a distance of 2450 m from the runway. It struck the slope of a hill, became airborne and crashed in a left hand bank, coming to rest 1880 m from the runway and 240 m to the left of the extended centreline. A fire broke out.

Probable Cause:

It was concluded that the crew were not aware of the actual weather conditions (low clouds).
The Prosecutor's Office initiated a criminal investigation and concluded that the sudden and sharp descent of the aircraft was caused by entry of water into a static wiring, resulting in incorrect readings of horizontal and vertical speed and altitude instruments. This resulted in a loss of speed during the final approach and further development of the emergency situation.

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photo of Tupolev-Tu-104B-CCCP-42492
accident date: 13-07-1963
type: Tupolev Tu-104B
registration: CCCP-42492

This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Beijing-Capital International Airport to Irkutsk Airport as the crow flies is 1633 km (1020 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Tupolev Tu-104

  • 207 built
  • 15th loss
  • 10th fatal accident
  • 5th worst accident (at the time)
  • 13th worst accident (currently)
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  • 10th worst accident (at the time)
  • 74th worst accident (currently)
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