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Last updated: 17 October 2017
Datum:Mittwoch 6 November 1963
Zeit:21:15 UTC
Flugzeugtyp:Silhouette image of generic DC85 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Douglas DC-8-54F
Fluggesellschaft:Trans-Canada Air Lines - TCAL
Kennzeichen: CF-TJM
Werknummer: 45653/178
Baujahr: 1963
Triebwerk: 4 Pratt & Whitney JT3D-3
Besatzung:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 7
Fluggäste:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 90
Gesamt:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 97
Sachschaden: schwer beschädigt
Konsequenzen: Repaired
Unfallort:London Airport (LHR) (   Großbritannien)
Flugphase: Start (TOF)
Betriebsart:Internationaler Linienflug
Flug von:London Airport (LHR/EGLL), Großbritannien
Flug nach:Montreal-Dorval International Airport, QC (YUL/CYUL), Kanada
Flugnummer: 861
Following a failed attempt to takeoff from runway 28L, the captain decided to try runway 28R because the runway visual range (RVR) was reported 500 yards, whereas the RVR of 28L was 150 yards. While speeding through 132 knots the captain moved the control column back, but felt no response. Because the controls felt as though they were not connected, he decided to abort the takeoff. The DC-8 overran the runway at high speed and came to rest in a cabbage field, 800 yards past the end of the runway.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The captain in the mistaken belief that the elevator control system was defective, abandoned the take-off at a speed and position on the runway which precluded the possibility of bringing the aircraft to a halt in the runway length remaining."

» ICAO Circular 78-AN/66 (p.47-54)


photo of Douglas DC-8-54F CF-TJM
photo of Douglas DC-8-54F CF-TJM
photo of Douglas DC-8-54F CF-TJM
photo of Douglas DC-8-54F CF-TJM
photo of Douglas DC-8-54F CF-TJM
photo of Douglas DC-8-54F CF-TJM
photo of Douglas DC-8-54F CF-TJM
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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from London Airport to Montreal-Dorval International Airport, QC as the crow flies is 5176 km (3235 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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