Accident description
Last updated: 17 September 2014
Status:Final
Date:Friday 3 May 1968
Time:16:48
Type:Lockheed L-188A Electra
Operator:Braniff International Airways
Registration: N9707C
C/n / msn: 1099
First flight: 1959
Total airframe hrs:20958
Engines: 4 Allison 501-D13A
Crew:Fatalities: 5 / Occupants: 5
Passengers:Fatalities: 80 / Occupants: 80
Total:Fatalities: 85 / Occupants: 85
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:1,6 km (1 mls) E of Dawson, TX (   United States of America) show on map
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Houston-William P. Hobby Airport, TX (HOU/KHOU), United States of America
Destination airport:Dallas-Love Field, TX (DAL/KDAL), United States of America
Flightnumber: 352
Narrative:
Braniff Flight 352 departed Houston (HOU) at 16:11 for a flight to Dallas (DAL) and climbed to FL200. Some 25 minutes into the flight, the L-188A Electra was approaching an area of severe thunderstorm activity. The crew requested a descent to FL150 and a deviation to the west. ARTCC then advised the crew that other aircraft were deviating to the east. The Electra crew still thought it looked all right on the west and were cleared to descend to FL140 and deviate to the west. At 16:44 the flight was further cleared to descend to 5000 feet. At 16:47 the aircraft had apparently encountered an area of bad weather, including hail, and requested (and were cleared for) a 180deg turn. Subsequent to the initiation of a right turn, the aircraft was upset. During the upset, N9707C rolled to the right to a bank angle in excess of 90deg and pitched nose down to approximately 40 degrees. A roll recovery maneuver was initiated and the aircraft experienced forces of 4,35 g. Part of the right wing failed and the aircraft broke up at an altitude of 6750 feet and crashed in flames a little later.

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The stressing of the aircraft structure beyond its ultimate strength during an attempted recovery from an unusual attitude induced by turbulence associated with a thunderstorm. The operation in the turbulence resulted from a decision to penetrate an area of known severe weather."

Classification:
Turbulence
Wing failure
Loss of control

Sources:

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: National Transport Safety Bureau (NTSB) - USA
report status: Final
report number: NTSB/AAR-69-03
report released:19-JUN-1969
duration of investigation:412 days (1 year 1.6 months)
download report: Branifff Airways, Inc., Lockheed L-188, N9707C, near Dawson, Texas, May 3, 1968. (NTSB/AAR-69-03)
cover

Follow-up / safety actions
The FAA issued an Airworthiness Directive, effective November 6, 1968, requiring all known US operators of Lockheed Model 188A and 188C airplanes to inspect the No. 1 wing plank at engine nacelles 2 and 3 for cracks, and to repair those cracks found as necessary.

Following this accident large segments of the aviation industry started reviewing, amending, and updating safety and training programs and
operational procedures regarding storm avoidance.

Photos

Add your photo of this accident or aircraft

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Houston-William P. Hobby Airport, TX to Dallas-Love Field, TX as the crow flies is 384 km (240 miles).

languages: English Franšais Nederlands Deutsch Espanol

Share
Share

Lockheed L-188

  • 12th loss
  • 222 built
  • worst accident (at the time)
  • 4th worst accident (currently)
safety profile

 United States of America
  • 4th worst accident (at the time)
  • 23rd worst accident (currently)
»safety profile