Accident
Last updated: 18 December 2014
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:vendredi 25 octobre 1968
Heure:ca 18:10
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic F27 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Fairchild FH-227C
Compagnie:Northeast Airlines
Immatriculation: N380NE
Numéro de série: 517
Année de Fabrication: 1966
Heures de vol:3828
Moteurs: 2 Rolls-Royce Dart 532-7
Equipage:victimes: 2 / à bord: 3
Passagers:victimes: 30 / à bord: 39
Total:victimes: 32 / à bord: 42
Dégats de l'appareil: Perte Totale
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:Moose Mountain, NH (   Etats-Unis d'Amérique) show on map
Phase de vol: En approche (APR)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Boston-Logan International Airport, MA (BOS/KBOS), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Aéroport de destination:Lebanon Regional Airport, NH (LEB/KLEB), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Numéro de vol: 946
Détails:
Northeast Airlines Flight 946 departed Boston 17:42 for a flight to Lebanon, NH and Montpelier, VT. The Fairchild climbed to a cruising altitude of 8000 feet. At 18:08 the crew were cleared for an approach to the Lebanon Airport to cruise at 5,000 feet and report leaving 6,000 feet. At 18:10:45, the controller advised the crew that radar service had been terminated and the flight was cleared to contact the Lebanon Flight Service Station (FSS). One minute later the FSS told the crew that the weather was an estimated ceiling of 2,000 feet overcast; visibility was 10 miles; there were breaks in the overcast; the altimeter setting was 29:55; and the wind was calm.
The flight did not perform the published instrument approach procedure but executed an abbreviated approach by making a right turn from their northwesterly heading and then a left turn back to intercept the inbound radial to the VOR station. The inbound radial was intercepted at approximately 8 to 10 miles northeast of the VOR station where it passed through an altitude of about 4500 feet. The crew began the descent but did not level off at 2,800 feet m.s.l., the minimum altitude inbound to the VOR. During the approach to runway 25 the airplane contacted trees on the cloud-shrouded side of a steep, rocky, heavily wooded mountain 57 feet below the summit at 2,237 feet m.s.l. The aircraft cut a swath trough the trees broke up and caught fire.


PROBABLE CAUSE: "The premature initiation of a descent towards the Minimum Descent Altitude, based on navigational instrument indications of an impending station passage in an area of course roughness. The crew was not able to determine accurately its position at this time because they had performed a non standard instrument approach and there were no supplement navigational aids available for their use."

Sources:

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: National Transport Safety Bureau (NTSB) - United States of America
report status: Final
report number: NTSB/AAR-70-07
report released:01-APR-1970
duration of investigation:523 days (1 year 5.3 months)
download report: Northeast Airlines, Inc., Fairchild Hiller FH-227C, N380NE, near Hanover, New Hampshire, October 25, 1968. (NTSB/AAR-70-07)
cover

Opérations de secours
Acting upon an NTSB recommendation, the FAA on Nov.7, 1968 issued an Operations and Maintenance Alert regarding the erratic operation and false reversals of Wilcox 806 VOR receivers. One month later the FAA issued Advisory Circular No. 91-18, regarding course needle oscillations on VHF Omnidirectional Range (VOR) receivers. The Wilcox company also took action to recommending three modifications to the Wilcox 806A receiver to improve the performance of the receiver.

NTSB issued 2 Safety Recommendations

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations

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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposé destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Boston-Logan International Airport, MA et Lebanon Regional Airport, NH est de 174 km (109 miles).

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Fairchild FH-227

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 Etats-Unis d'Amérique
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