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Accident description
Last updated: 3 July 2015
Status:
Date:Friday 27 December 1968
Time:20:22
Type:Convair CV-580
Operator:North Central Airlines
Registration: N2045
C/n / msn: 369
First flight: 1956
Crew:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 4
Passengers:Fatalities: 24 / Occupants: 41
Total:Fatalities: 27 / Occupants: 45
Ground casualties:Fatalities: 1
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:Chicago-O'Hare International Airport, IL (ORD) (   United States of America)
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Milwaukee-General Mitchell Airport, WI (MKE/KMKE), United States of America
Destination airport:Chicago-O'Hare International Airport, IL (ORD/KORD), United States of America
Flightnumber: 458
Narrative:
The pilot lost control of the aircraft when performing a go-around in bad weather (200 feet ceiling, light rain and fog). The Convair crashed nearly inverted on a hangar.

PROBABLE CAUSE: "Spatial disorientation of the captain precipitated by atmospheric refraction of either the approach lights or landing lights at a critical point in the approach wherein the crew was transitioning between flying by reference to flight instruments and by visual reference to the ground."

Classification:
Loss of situational awareness
Loss of control

Sources:
» WCAA 2nd ed. / C.Y. Kimura

Official accident investigation report
cover
investigating agency: National Transport Safety Bureau (NTSB) - United States of America
report status: Final
report number: NTSB/AAR-70-27
report released:12 November 1970
duration of investigation: 1 year and 11 months
download report: North Central Airlines, Inc., Convair 580, N2045, OHare International Airport, Chicago, Illinois, December 27, 1968. (NTSB/AAR-70-27)

Follow-up / safety actions

NTSB issued 1 Safety Recommendation

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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Milwaukee-General Mitchell Airport, WI to Chicago-O'Hare International Airport, IL as the crow flies is 107 km (67 miles).

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Convair CV-580

  • 5th loss
  • 182 built
  • 2nd worst accident (at the time)
  • 3rd worst accident (currently)
safety profile

 United States of America
  • 77th worst accident (at the time)
  • 121st worst accident (currently)
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