Accident description
Last updated: 22 December 2014
Date:Friday 27 December 1968
Type:Convair CV-580
Operator:North Central Airlines
Registration: N2045
C/n / msn: 369
First flight: 1956
Crew:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 4
Passengers:Fatalities: 24 / Occupants: 41
Total:Fatalities: 27 / Occupants: 45
Ground casualties:Fatalities: 1
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:Chicago-O'Hare International Airport, IL (ORD) (   United States of America) show on map
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Milwaukee-General Mitchell Airport, WI (MKE/KMKE), United States of America
Destination airport:Chicago-O'Hare International Airport, IL (ORD/KORD), United States of America
Flightnumber: 458
The pilot lost control of the aircraft when performing a go-around in bad weather (200 feet ceiling, light rain and fog). The Convair crashed nearly inverted on a hangar.

PROBABLE CAUSE: "Spatial disorientation of the captain precipitated by atmospheric refraction of either the approach lights or landing lights at a critical point in the approach wherein the crew was transitioning between flying by reference to flight instruments and by visual reference to the ground."

Loss of situational awareness
Loss of control

» WCAA 2nd ed. / C.Y. Kimura

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: National Transport Safety Bureau (NTSB) - United States of America
report status: Final
report number: NTSB/AAR-70-27
report released:12-NOV-1970
duration of investigation:685 days (1 year 10.7 months)
download report: North Central Airlines, Inc., Convair 580, N2045, OHare International Airport, Chicago, Illinois, December 27, 1968. (NTSB/AAR-70-27)

Follow-up / safety actions

NTSB issued 1 Safety Recommendation

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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Milwaukee-General Mitchell Airport, WI to Chicago-O'Hare International Airport, IL as the crow flies is 107 km (67 miles).

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Convair CV-580

  • 5th loss
  • 182 built
  • 2nd worst accident (at the time)
  • 3rd worst accident (currently)
safety profile

 United States of America
  • 76th worst accident (at the time)
  • 120th worst accident (currently)
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