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Last updated: 22 June 2018
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:jeudi 20 mars 1969
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic DC3 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Douglas DC-3-216
Opérant pour:W. Jackson
Loué à :Avion Airways
Immatriculation: N142D
Numéro de série: 1946
Année de Fabrication: 1937
Equipage:victimes: 3 / à bord: 3
Passagers:victimes: 13 / à bord: 24
Total:victimes: 16 / à bord: 27
Dégats de l'appareil: Perte Totale
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:New Orleans International Airport, LA (MSY) (   Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
Phase de vol: En approche (APR)
Nature:Charter National
Aéroport de départ:Memphis International Airport, TN (MEM/KMEM), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Aéroport de destination:New Orleans International Airport, LA (MSY/KMSY), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
William Jackson of Travel Associates leased DC-3 N142D from Avion Airways for the purpose of transporting sportsmen from Memphis to Belize. The aircraft departed Memphis at 04:36 on an IFR flight to New Orleans. At 06:35 the crew contacted New Orleans approach control: "... out of three point four for three thousand." The approach controller told the crew to maintain 3000 feet and proceed direct to the ILS outer compass locator. He gave the weather as "sky partially obscured visibility 1/16 fog and smoke, altimeter 30.00, runway 10 runway visual range less than 600 feet". The pilot elected to carry out the approach despite the fact that minimum visibility for an approach was 2400 feet and that the centerline lights were inoperative. After being given vectors for the runway 10 approach he decided to carry out a low pass and continue if runway lights became visible. Apparently the pilot continued the descent. The aircraft contacted the runway very hard 1198 feet past the threshold, bounced and after power was applied, the DC-3 struck the ground again 3100 feet further on. The airplane cartwheeled and caught fire.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The controlled descent of the aircraft into known below minima weather conditions and the failure of the crew to discontinue the landing attempt upon reaching the decision height. Contributing to the cause are existing regulations which permit an approach to be initiated in conditions well below minima, lack of clarity in the regulations in describing missed approach procedures while following visual cues to the runway, misinterpretation by the crew of information received from the approach controller (in this case, the legality of landing in low visibility conditions), improper crew action at the time of initial runway contact , and poor crew judgement partially induced by fatigue, and the lack of management required for such an operation."

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 300 days (10 months)
Accident number: NTSB/AAR-70-03
Download report: Final report

Opérations de secours
Three safety recommendations were issued with regards landing minima. One of the recommendation stated that FAR 91.117 be amended to the effect that no descent below 200ft shall be performed unless landing minima are present.

NTSB issued 1 Safety Recommendation

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations


photo of Douglas DC-3-216 N142D
N142D was sold to Avion Airways in October 1966
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Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Memphis International Airport, TN et New Orleans International Airport, LA est de 558 km (349 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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Douglas DC-3

  • ca 13.000 built
  • 3908ème loss
  • 1483ème accident fatal
  • le accident 289ème le plus grave (à ce moment là)
  • le accident 329ème le plus grave (en ce moment)
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