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Last updated: 16 November 2018
Status:Final
Date:Saturday 2 August 1969
Time:13:36 UTC
Type:Silhouette image of generic S210 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Sud Aviation SE-210 Caravelle VI-N
Operator:Alitalia
Registration: I-DABF
C/n / msn: 179
First flight: 1965
Total airframe hrs:11848
Engines: 2 Rolls-Royce Avon 531B
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 8
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 37
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 45
Aircraft damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:Marseille-Marignane Airport (MRS) (   France)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Roma-Fiumicino Airport (FCO/LIRF), Italy
Destination airport:Marseille-Marignane Airport (MRS/LFML), France
Flightnumber:AZ342
Narrative:
Alitalia flight AZ342 departed Roma-Fiumicino Airport (FCO), Italy at 12:40 UTC on a scheduled passenger flight to Marseille-Marignane Airport (MRS), France.
The flight was uneventful until the approach. The final approach speed was calculated by the crew being 120 knots. The flight was cleared to land on runway 32. At that time the aircraft approached 60 knots above Vref and touched down far down the runway. The tail parachute was released, but burst on opening. The Caravelle then overran into the water of Etang de Berre and came to rest 150 m from the shore.

Probable Cause:

CAUSES OF THE ACCIDENT:
"The committee believes that the accident resulted initially from an incorrect procedure for the approach, bringing the plane in contact with the runway at abnormally high speed (more than 60 knots over the normal speed calculated and known by the pilot).
This situation was further aggravated by the release of the parachute at an excessive speed and due to an inappropriate use of the emergency brake."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: BEA
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 11 months
Accident number: Report i-bf690802
Download report: Final report

Classification:

Runway excursion

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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Roma-Fiumicino Airport to Marseille-Marignane Airport as the crow flies is 599 km (375 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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