Accident description
Last updated: 21 December 2014
Status:Final
Date:Tuesday 9 September 1969
Time:15:29
Type:Silhouette image of generic DC93 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31
Operator:Allegheny Airlines
Registration: N988VJ
C/n / msn: 47211/357
First flight: 1968
Total airframe hrs:3170
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-7
Crew:Fatalities: 4 / Occupants: 4
Passengers:Fatalities: 78 / Occupants: 78
Total:Fatalities: 82 / Occupants: 82
Collision casualties:Fatalities: 1
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:Shelbyville, IN (   United States of America) show on map
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Airport, KY (CVG/KCVG), United States of America
Destination airport:Indianapolis-Weir Cook Municipal Airport, IN (IND/KIND), United States of America
Flightnumber: 853
Narrative:
Flight 853 was descending from 6000 feet to 2500 feet when, at about 3550 feet, it collided with a Piper PA-28 aircraft (N7374J). The Piper was flown by a student pilot on a solo cross-country VFR flight. Visibility was 15 miles with intervening clouds.

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The deficiencies in the collision avoidance capability of the Air Traffic Control (ATC) system of the Federal Aviation Administration in a terminal area wherein there was mixed Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) and Visual Flight Rules (VFR) traffic. The deficiencies included the inadequacy of the see-and-avoid concept under the circumstances of this case; the technical limitations of radar in detecting all aircraft; and the absence of Federal Aviation Regulations which would provide a system of adequate separation of mixed VFR and IFR traffic in terminal areas."

Classification:
Mid air collision
Loss of control

Sources:
» NTSB-AAR-70-15

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: National Transport Safety Bureau (NTSB) - United States of America
report status: Final
report number: NTSB/AAR-70-15
report released:15-JUL-1970
duration of investigation:309 days (10.3 months)
download report: Allegheny Airlines, Inc., DC-9, N988US, and a Forth Corporation Piper PA-28, N7374J, near Fairland, Indiana, September 9, 1969. (NTSB/AAR-70-15)

Follow-up / safety actions

NTSB issued 1 Safety Recommendation

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations

Photos

photo of McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31 N988VJ
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Airport, KY to Indianapolis-Weir Cook Municipal Airport, IN as the crow flies is 158 km (99 miles).

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DC-9-30

  • 2nd loss
  • 662 built
  • 2nd worst accident (at the time)
  • 9th worst accident (currently)
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 United States of America
  • 9th worst accident (at the time)
  • 28th worst accident (currently)
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