Accident description
Last updated: 18 April 2014
Status:Final
Date:Tuesday 8 September 1970
Time:16:06
Type:McDonnell Douglas DC-8-63CF
Operator:Trans International Airlines
Registration: N4863T
C/n / msn: 45951/414
First flight: 1968
Engines: 4 Pratt & Whitney JT3D-
Crew:Fatalities: 11 / Occupants: 11
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 11 / Occupants: 11
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY (JFK) (   United States of America) show on map
Phase: Takeoff (TOF)
Nature:Ferry/positioning
Departure airport:New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY (JFK/KJFK), United States of America
Destination airport:Washington-Dulles International Airport, DC (IAD/KIAD), United States of America
Flightnumber: 893
Narrative:
The DC-8 freighter started rotating in a nose-high attitude 1500 feet into the take-off. After becoming airborne at 2800 feet down the runway, the aircraft climbed to about 300-500 feet, rolled 20 degrees to the left, crashed and caught fire. The loss of pitch control was caused by the entrapment of a pointed, asphalt-covered object between the leading edge of the right elevator and the right horizontal spar web access door in the aft part of the stabilizer.

PROBABLE CAUSE:
pilot in command - failed to abort takeoff
airframe - flight control surfaces: elevator assembly,attachments
miscellaneous acts,conditions - jammed
miscellaneous acts,conditions - interference with flight controls
miscellaneous - foreign material affecting normal operations
FACTORS:
pilot in command - inadequate supervision of flight
miscellaneous acts,conditions - checklist-failed to use

Events:


Sources:
» NTSB

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: National Transport Safety Bureau (NTSB) - USA
report status: Final
report number: NTSB/AAR-71-12
report released:19-AUG-1971
duration of investigation:345 days (11.5 months)
download report: Trans International Airlines Corp., Ferry Flight 863, Douglas DC-8-63F, N4863T, J.F. Kennedy International Airport, New York, September 8, 1970 (NTSB/AAR-71-12)
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Follow-up / safety actions

NTSB issued 6 Safety Recommendations

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations

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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY to Washington-Dulles International Airport, DC as the crow flies is 364 km (227 miles).

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