Accident
Last updated: 31 August 2014
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:dimanche 23 mai 1971
Heure:ca 20:00
Type/Sous-type:Tupolev 134A
Compagnie:Aviogenex
Immatriculation: YU-AHZ
Numéro de série: 1351205
Année de Fabrication: 1971
Heures de vol:111
Cycles:47
Moteurs: 2 Soloviev D-30-II
Equipage:victimes: 3 / à bord: 7
Passagers:victimes: 75 / à bord: 76
Total:victimes: 78 / à bord: 83
Dégats de l'appareil: Perte Totale
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:Rijeka Airport (RJK) (   Croatie) show on map
Phase de vol: A l'atterrissage (LDG)
Nature:Charter International
Aéroport de départ:London-Gatwick Airport (LGW/EGKK), Royaume Uni
Aéroport de destination:Rijeka Airport (RJK/LDRI), Croatie
Numéro de vol: 130
Détails:
The Tu-134 approached Rijeka (RJK) in poor weather with heavy cumulo-nimbus, heavy rainfall and severe turbulence about 4km from the runway threshold. As the aircraft passed through the area, it was carried upwards and rolled to the right. The aircraft was now above the ILS glide path. Some 800m short of the runway, at a height of 60m the crew decided to continue the approach. Power was reduced and the angle of descent increased to 10 degrees. The aircraft struck the runway with the right main gear at an airspeed of 160km/h with 4g deceleration force. The right wing detached and the plane rolled on its back. The remaining stub of wing folded to block the overwing emergency exit. The aircraft slid for 700m and caught fire.

PROBABLE CAUSE:
It is considered that the probable main cause of the accident of the TU-134A aircraft, registration marks YU-AHZ, which occured on the 23rd May, 1971, at "Rijeka" airport was a heavy landing on the right leg of the main landing gear, emphasised by an irregular position of the wheels and 0.7% slope up of the runway at the point of touchdown.
The Commission consider that the described deviation from the flight tehnique in itself, did not cause the crash of the aircraft, but that loading which resulted from the conditions under which the landing was performed made a greater contribution to the crash.
However, non-adequate handling of controls of the aircraft and engines could be explained only by false perceptions (illusions) of the crew concerning the aircraft position in respect to the runway.
The last minute of the flight was analysed on the basis of:
- flight recorder oscillogram
- results obtained during the investigation on the flight on board of the same type of aircraft.
- study of aerodynamic characteristics and stability of TU-134A - analysis of meteorological situation
- analysis of crew members' statement
According to the opinion of the Commission this was an exceptional and complex case of many unfavourable circumstances which resulted in this catastrophy.

Sources:
» Soviet Transports
» 'Heavy landing caused Rijeka accident', Flight International 31.01.1974 (135)

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: Air Accidents Investigation Branch (AAIB) - U.K.
report status: Final
report number: AAIB AAR 18/1973
report released:01-DEC-1973
duration of investigation:923 days (2 years 6.4 months)
download report: Aviogenex TU-134 A, YU-AHZ. Report on the Catastrophy which occurred at Rijeka Airport, Yugoslavia, on 23 May 1971 (AAIB AAR 18/1973)

Photos

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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposé destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre London-Gatwick Airport et Rijeka Airport est de 1265 km (791 miles).

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