Narrative:A BAC One-Eleven 515FB passenger jet was destroyed in a forced landing on a road, shortly after takeoff from Hamburg-Fuhlsbüttel Airport (HAM), Germany.
|Date:||Monday 6 September 1971|
|Type:||BAC One-Eleven 515FB|
|C/n / msn:|| 207|
|First flight:|| 1970|
|Crew:||Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 6|
|Passengers:||Fatalities: 21 / Occupants: 115|
|Total:||Fatalities: 22 / Occupants: 121 |
|Airplane damage:|| Destroyed|
|Airplane fate:|| Written off (damaged beyond repair)|
|Location:||4,5 km (2.8 mls) NW of Hamburg-Fuhlsbüttel Airport (HAM) (Germany)
|Phase:|| Initial climb (ICL)|
|Nature:||Int'l Non Scheduled Passenger|
|Departure airport:||Hamburg-Fuhlsbüttel Airport (HAM/EDDH), Germany|
|Destination airport:||Málaga Airport (AGP/LEMG), Spain|
One crew member and 21 passengers were killed. Five crew members and 94 passengers survived the accident.
Paninternational flight DR112 was a charter flight from Hannover, Germany to Málaga, Spain with an intermediate stop at Hamburg. Fifty-eight passengers boarded the flight in Hannover.
Five water canisters were offloaded from the cargo hold. The canisters contained demineralized water and were used to fill the water tank near the engines. For better engine performance during takeoff the water is injected into the fuel-air mixture to cool the combustion chambers of the engine, allowing for greater compression ratios.
When the airplane was prepared for the flight to Málaga, taxi clearance was given to runway 34. Take-off was commenced at 18:18. Reaching a speed of V1 during takeoff, the crew noted a rise in engine temperature. Takeoff was continued. The left hand engine then failed, immediately followed by the right hand engine. The airplane was climbing through an altitude of 300 m and the pilot pushed the nose down to gain speed. The engines could not be restarted, forcing the crew to carry out an emergency landing on the Hamburg-Kiel Autobahn E45.
Due to the high sink rate the jet touched down hard. The left hand main gear collapsed. The crew applied brakes to keep the airplane on the road. It then struck concrete pillars of an overpass, causing the flight deck to separate. The fuselage skidded and broke up, bursting into flames.
The female first officer of the flight survived the accident. She later died in a Cessna Citation accident on May 31, 1987.
Investigation revealed that two of the five water canisters actually contained kerosene. The canisters had been misplaced at Düsseldorf the night before and loaded on board the plane.
» Im Segelflug auf die Autobahn (Aero 10-2001)
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not
display the exact flight path.
Distance from Hamburg-Fuhlsbüttel Airport to Málaga Airport as the crow flies is 2176 km (1360 miles).
This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Networks opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.