Accident description
Last updated: 18 September 2014
Status:Final
Date:Friday 3 March 1972
Time:20:48
Type:Silhouette image of generic F27 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Fairchild FH-227B
Operator:Mohawk Airlines
Registration: N7818M
C/n / msn: 541
First flight: 1967
Total airframe hrs:10068
Cycles:15714
Engines: 2 Rolls-Royce Dart 532-7
Crew:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 14 / Occupants: 45
Total:Fatalities: 16 / Occupants: 48
Ground casualties:Fatalities: 1
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:6 km (3.8 mls) S of Albany Airport, NY (ALB) (   United States of America) show on map
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:New York-La Guardia Airport, NY (LGA/KLGA), United States of America
Destination airport:Albany Airport, NY (ALB/KALB), United States of America
Flightnumber: 405
Narrative:
The aircraft was 8,5 miles S of the airport on an ILS back course approach to runway 01 when the crew reported problems with the propeller cruise lock. The prop could not be feathered and the aircraft struck a house 3,5 miles short of the runway.

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The inability of the crew to feather the left propeller, in combination with the descent of the aircraft below the prescribed minimum altitudes for the approach. The Board is unable to determine why the left propeller could not be feathered. Contributing causal factors for the nonstandard approach were the captain's preoccupation with a cruise pitch lock malfunction, the first officer's failure to adhere to company altitude awareness procedures, and the captain's failure to delegate any meaningful responsibilities to the copilot which resulted in a lack of effective task sharing during the emergency. Also, the Board was unable to determine why the propeller pitch lock malfunctioned during the descent."

Sources:

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: National Transport Safety Bureau (NTSB) - USA
report status: Final
report number: NTSB/AAR-73-08
report released:11-APR-1973
duration of investigation:404 days (1 year 1.3 months)
download report: Mohawk Airlines, Inc., Fairchild Hiller FH-227B, N7818M, Albany, New York, March 3, 1972. (NTSB/AAR-73-08)
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Follow-up / safety actions

NTSB issued 5 Safety Recommendations

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations

Photos

photo of Fairchild FH-227B N7818M
photo of Fairchild FH-227B N7818M
photo of Fairchild FH-227B N7818M
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from New York-La Guardia Airport, NY to Albany Airport, NY as the crow flies is 218 km (136 miles).

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Fairchild FH-227

  • 5th loss
  • 78 built
  • 4th worst accident (at the time)
  • 12th worst accident (currently)
safety profile

 United States of America
  • 149th worst accident (at the time)
  • 206th worst accident (currently)
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