Accident description
Last updated: 30 August 2014
Status:Final
Date:Tuesday 18 April 1972
Time:09:39
Type:Silhouette image of generic VC10 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Vickers VC-10-1154
Operator:East African Airways Corp. - EAAC
Registration: 5X-UVA
C/n / msn: 881
First flight: 1966
Total airframe hrs:18586
Engines: 4 Rolls-Royce Conway 550
Crew:Fatalities: 8 / Occupants: 11
Passengers:Fatalities: 35 / Occupants: 96
Total:Fatalities: 43 / Occupants: 107
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:Addis Ababa-Bole Airport (ADD) (   Ethiopia) show on map
Phase: Takeoff (TOF)
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Addis Ababa-Haile Selassie I International Airport (ADD/HAAB), Ethiopia
Destination airport:Roma-Fiumicino Airport (FCO/LIRF), Italy
Flightnumber: 720
Narrative:
East African Airways Flight EC-720 to London via Addis Ababa and Rome departed Nairobi at 06:55 hours. The flight to Addis Ababa was uneventful and the VC-10 landed there at 08:23. During the transit stop at Addis Ababa, some freight was off-loaded together with 40 passengers. Fifteen passengers joined the flight and the airplane was refuelled. Start up clearance was given at 09:21 hours and the aircraft taxied out six minutes later via the eastern taxiway for take-off on runway 07. The tower advised the aircraft that the wind was 5 knots and variable in direction. At 09:32 hours, as the aircraft was backtracking to the take-off point, the pilot reported a number of dead birds on the runway. He requested that these birds be removed before the aircraft took off. A fire truck was dispatched to take care of this. The aircraft continued to backtrack down the runway and turned in the pad at the end. It then lined up on the runway and stopped a short distance from the threshold. At 09:38:40 hours, the tower cleared the aircraft for take-off. Shortly after the aircraft had passed the mid-point of the runway, at or just below the V1 speed, the nose wheel ran over a steel jacking pad. This jacking pad belonged to a Cessna 185 that had departed 4:40 earlier. The pad punctured the right hand nose wheel tire. A loud bang was heard and severe vibration was felt on the flight deck. Almost immediately after the nose wheel tire had burst, the nose of the aircraft rose momentarily and then come down. The flight crew decided to abort the takeoff. The engines were throttled back and reverse thrust was selected. The aircraft continued down the runway, veering slightly to the right. Then the no.1 rear main tire burst. Just before the aircraft reached the end of the runway, it veered slightly to the left and ran approximately parallel to the centre line. After crossing a storm drain located at the end of the runway at right angles to the centre line, the aircraft became momentarily airborne as it left the lip of the embankment on which the 60 m stopway was laid. As it did so, the left outer wing of the aircraft struck a steel lattice tower forming part of the approach lighting system to runway 25. This ruptured the nr.1A fuel tank and the released fuel promptly ignited. Sixty metres beyond the end of the runway the aircraft fell heavily on to the lower ground 10.6 m below the runway level. It broke up immediately on impact and after sliding a short distance, came to rest and caught fire.

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The accident was due to a partial loss of braking effort arising from incorrect re-assembly of part of the braking system, as a result of which the aircraft could not be stopped within the emergency distance remaining following a properly executed abandoned take-off procedure."

Classification:
Wrong installation of parts


Runway excursion

Sources:
» ICAO Circular 132-AN/93 (3-21)

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: CAA Ethiopia
report status: Final
report number: 11/72
report released:01-FEB-1973
duration of investigation:289 days (9.6 months)
download report: Report on the accident to East African Airways Super VC-10, 5X-UVA on April 18, 1972, at Addis Ababa (CAA Ethiopia 11/72)

Photos

photo of Vickers VC-10-1154 5X-UVA
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Addis Ababa-Haile Selassie I International Airport to Roma-Fiumicino Airport as the crow flies is 4458 km (2786 miles).

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Vickers VC-10

  • 5th loss
  • 54 built
  • 2nd worst accident
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 Ethiopia
  • worst accident (at the time)
  • 2nd worst accident (currently)
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