Accident description
Last updated: 24 October 2014
Status:
Date:Wednesday 14 June 1972
Type:Douglas DC-8-53
Operator:Japan Air Lines - JAL
Registration: JA8012
C/n / msn: 45680/213
First flight: 1964
Engines: 4 Pratt & Whitney JT3D-
Crew:Fatalities: 10 / Occupants: 11
Passengers:Fatalities: 72 / Occupants: 76
Total:Fatalities: 82 / Occupants: 87
Ground casualties:Fatalities: 3
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:ca 20 km E of Delhi-Palam Airport (DEL) (   India) show on map
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Bangkok-Don Muang International Airport (BKK/VTBD), Thailand
Destination airport:Delhi-Palam Airport (DEL/VIDP), India
Flightnumber: 471
Narrative:
The DC-8 took off from Bangkok at 11:21 UTC. Clearance for a straight-in ILS approach to Delhi runway 28 was given at 14:43 UTC. Shortly after reporting 23DME, the aircraft struck the banks of River Yamuna.

PROBABLE CAUSE: Japanese investigators claimed a false glide path signal to be responsible for the descent into terrain. Indian investigators say the accident was caused by a total disregard of laid down procedures by the crew and abandoning all instrument indications without properly ensuring sighting of the runway.

Classification:
Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Ground

Sources:


Photos

photo of McDonnell Douglas DC-8-53 JA8012
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Bangkok-Don Muang International Airport to Delhi-Palam Airport as the crow flies is 2905 km (1815 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Networkĺs opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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DC-8

  • 30th loss
  • 556 built
  • 6th worst accident (at the time)
  • 11th worst accident (currently)
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 India
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  • 9th worst accident (currently)
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