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Accident description
Last updated: 12 December 2017
Date:Wednesday 11 September 1974
Type:Silhouette image of generic DC93 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31
Operator:Eastern Air Lines
Registration: N8984E
C/n / msn: 47400/443
First flight: 1969
Total airframe hrs:16860
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-7B
Crew:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 4
Passengers:Fatalities: 68 / Occupants: 78
Total:Fatalities: 70 / Occupants: 82
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:5,3 km (3.3 mls) from Charlotte-Douglas Airport, NC (CLT) (   United States of America)
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Charleston Municipal Airport, SC (CHS/KCHS), United States of America
Destination airport:Charlotte-Douglas Airport, NC (CLT/KCLT), United States of America
The DC-9 struck trees while flying 135 m too low and 80 km/h too fast. The aircraft crashed 3.3 miles short of runway 36 during a VOR/DME approach.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The flight crew's lack of altitude awareness at critical points during the approach due to poor cockpit discipline in that the crew did not follow prescribed procedure."

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 254 days (8 months)
Accident number: NTSB/AAR-75-09
Download report: Final report

Distraction in cockpit
Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Ground

» Air Disasters / D.Gero (126-7)
» NTSB-AAR-75-9


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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Charleston Municipal Airport, SC to Charlotte-Douglas Airport, NC as the crow flies is 269 km (168 miles).
Accident location: Exact; as reported in the official accident report.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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