Accident description
Last updated: 31 October 2014
Status:
Date:Wednesday 20 August 1975
Time:01:13
Type:Ilyushin 62
Operator:CSA Ceskoslovenské Aerolinie
Registration: OK-DBF
C/n / msn: 31502
First flight: 1973
Engines: 4 Kuznetsov NK-8-4
Crew:Fatalities: 11 / Occupants: 11
Passengers:Fatalities: 115 / Occupants: 117
Total:Fatalities: 126 / Occupants: 128
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:17 km (10.6 mls) NE of Damascus International Airport (DAM) (   Syria) show on map
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Praha-Ruzyne International Airport (PRG/LKPR), Czech Republic
Destination airport:Damascus International Airport (DAM/OSDI), Syria
Flightnumber: 540
Narrative:
CSA Flight 540 was a regular international service from Prague (PRG) to Tehran (THR) via Damascus (DAM) and Baghdad (SDA). The Il-62 "Brno Trade Fair" took off from Prague at 19:35, August 19.
Past midnight local time, the airplane approached Damascus. Weather was fine with good visibility and wind 230 degrees at 10 kts. The flight was cleared for an approach to runway 23R. About 17 km from the airport, the Il-62 struck level ground 605m asl. The airplane broke up and caught fire.
It was deemed possible that the crew mixed up QNH and QFE while programming the altimeter.


Classification:
Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Ground

Sources:
» Soviet Transports


Photos

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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Praha-Ruzyne International Airport to Damascus International Airport as the crow flies is 2579 km (1612 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Ilyushin 62

  • 5th loss
  • 287 built
  • 3rd worst accident (at the time)
  • 5th worst accident (currently)
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 Syria
  • worst accident
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