Flugunfall 27 APR 1976 einer Boeing 727-95 N1963 - Saint Thomas-Harry S. Truman Airport (STT)
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Status:Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Datum:Dienstag 27 April 1976
Zeit:15:10
Flugzeugtyp:Silhouette image of generic B721 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 727-95
Fluggesellschaft:American Airlines
Kennzeichen: N1963
Werknummer: 19837/499
Baujahr: 1967-11-22 (8 years 5 months)
Betriebsstunden:21926
Triebwerk: 3 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-7A
Besatzung:Todesopfer: 2 / Insassen: 7
Fluggäste:Todesopfer: 35 / Insassen: 81
Gesamt:Todesopfer: 37 / Insassen: 88
Sachschaden: Zerstört
Konsequenzen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Unfallort:Saint Thomas-Harry S. Truman Airport (STT) (   U.S. Virgin Islands)
Flugphase: Landung (LDG)
Betriebsart:Internationaler Linienflug
Flug von:New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY (JFK/KJFK), USA
Flug nach:Saint Thomas-Harry S.Truman Airport (STT/TIST),
Flugnummer:AA625
Unfallbericht:
American Airlines Flight 625 was a scheduled flight from Providence Airport (PVD) to St.Thomas (STT) on the U.S Virgin Islands with an intermediate stop in New York (JFK). The Boeing 727 departed New York at 12:00 AST. On approach to St. Thomas, at 15:04, the flight crew cancelled their IFR flight plan and proceeded VFR. The captain elected to use the runway 09 ILS for vertical guidance. The glide slope was intercepted at 1500 feet msl (flaps 15deg and at a 160 KIAS airspeed). The flaps were lowered to 25 and later to 30 degrees. The company prescribed 40 degrees was never selected. The speed was still 10 KIAS above Vref when the aircraft passed the threshold at an estimated altitude of 30-40 feet. At 1000 feet down the runway, while initiating the flare, turbulence caused the right wing to drop. The wings were leveled and the aircraft floated a while until touchdown 2200-2300 feet down the runway. The captain decided that the aircraft couldn't be stopped on the remaining runway. He immediately initiated a go-around. Because of the absence of any sensation either of power being applied or of aircraft acceleration, the throttles were closed again. The aircraft, in a 11 degree nose up attitude, ran off the runway and struck a localizer antenna. The right wingtip clipped a hillside just south of the antenna and the aircraft continued, hit an embankment, became airborne and contacted the ground on the opposite side of the perimeter road. The aircraft continued and came to rest 83 feet past the perimeter road, bursting into flames.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The captain's actions and his judgment in initiating a go-around maneuver with insufficient runway remaining after a long touchdown. The long touchdown is attributed to a deviation from prescribed landing techniques and an encounter with an adverse wind condition, common at the airport. The non-availability of information about the aircraft's go-around performance capabilities may have been a factor in the captain's abortive attempt to go-around a long landing."

Accident investigation:

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Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 233 days (8 months)
Accident number: NTSB/AAR-77-01
Download report: Final report


Sicherheitsempfehlungen

NTSB issued 3 Safety Recommendations

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Fotos

photo of Boeing-727-95-N1963
accident date: 27-04-1976
type: Boeing 727-95
registration: N1963
photo of Boeing-727-95-
Flight profile of American Airlines flight 625
photo of Boeing-727-95-N1963
photo of Boeing-727-95-N1963
accident date: 27-04-1976
type: Boeing 727-95
registration: N1963
 

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY to Saint Thomas-Harry S.Truman Airport as the crow flies is 2601 km (1625 miles).
Accident location: Exact; as reported in the official accident report.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Boeing 727

  • 1832 built
  • 26th loss
  • 22nd Fataler Unfall
  • 14th worst accident (Zu diesem Zeitpunkt)
  • 40th worst accident (Momentan)
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 U.S. Virgin Islands
  • The worst accident
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