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Accident description
Last updated: 22 July 2017
Date:Thursday 13 January 1977
Type:Silhouette image of generic DC86 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
McDonnell Douglas DC-8-62AF
Operator:Japan Air Lines - JAL
Registration: JA8054
C/n / msn: 46148/553
First flight: 1971
Total airframe hrs:19744
Engines: 4 Pratt & Whitney JT3D-3B
Crew:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 2
Total:Fatalities: 5 / Occupants: 5
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:Anchorage International Airport, AK (ANC) (   United States of America)
Phase: Initial climb (ICL)
Departure airport:Anchorage International Airport, AK (ANC/PANC), United States of America
Destination airport:Tokyo-Haneda Airport (HND/RJTT), Japan
The DC-8 had been cleared for a runway 24L departure. Taxiing to the runway in thick fog, the crew ended up on runway 24R. Tower control gave directions and the crew then taxied to runway 24L. Just after lifting off the runway, the DC-8 stalled and crashed 300 m past the runway. The initial blood alcohol level of the captain was 298 mgs percent. A blood alcohol level of 100 mgs percent was considered to be legally intoxicating for drivers in the State of Alaska.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "A stall that resulted from the pilot's control inputs aggravated by airframe icing while the pilot was under the influence of alcohol. Contributing to the cause of this accident was the failure of the other flightcrew members to prevent the captain from attempting the flight."

Accident investigation:
investigating agency: National Transport Safety Bureau (NTSB) - United States of America
status: Final
number: NTSB/AAR-78-07
released:16 January 1979
duration of investigation: 2 years
download report: Japan Airlines, Company, Ltd., McDonnel-Douglas DC-8-62F, JA 8054, Anchorage, Alaska, January 13, 1977. (NTSB/AAR-78-07)

Flightcrew member's alcohol, drug usage
Loss of control

» Flight International 05.02.1977 (267)
» NTSB-AAR-78-07

Follow-up / safety actions

NTSB issued 2 Safety Recommendations

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations


photo of McDonnell Douglas DC-8-62AF JA8054
photo of McDonnell Douglas DC-8-62AF JA8054
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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Anchorage International Airport, AK to Tokyo-Haneda Airport as the crow flies is 5523 km (3452 miles).

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