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Accident description
Last updated: 19 September 2017
Status:Final
Date:Thursday 13 January 1977
Time:06:35
Type:Silhouette image of generic DC86 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
McDonnell Douglas DC-8-62AF
Operator:Japan Air Lines - JAL
Registration: JA8054
C/n / msn: 46148/553
First flight: 1971
Total airframe hrs:19744
Engines: 4 Pratt & Whitney JT3D-3B
Crew:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 2
Total:Fatalities: 5 / Occupants: 5
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Anchorage International Airport, AK (ANC) (   United States of America)
Crash site elevation: 46 m (151 feet) amsl
Phase: Initial climb (ICL)
Nature:Cargo
Departure airport:Anchorage International Airport, AK (ANC/PANC), United States of America
Destination airport:Tokyo-Haneda Airport (HND/RJTT), Japan
Narrative:
The DC-8 had been cleared for a runway 24L departure. Taxiing to the runway in thick fog, the crew ended up on runway 24R. Tower control gave directions and the crew then taxied to runway 24L. Just after lifting off the runway, the DC-8 stalled and crashed 300 m past the runway. The initial blood alcohol level of the captain was 298 mgs percent. A blood alcohol level of 100 mgs percent was considered to be legally intoxicating for drivers in the State of Alaska.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "A stall that resulted from the pilot's control inputs aggravated by airframe icing while the pilot was under the influence of alcohol. Contributing to the cause of this accident was the failure of the other flightcrew members to prevent the captain from attempting the flight."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 2 years
Accident number: NTSB/AAR-78-07
Download report: Final report

Classification:
Flightcrew member's alcohol, drug usage
Loss of control

Sources:
» Flight International 05.02.1977 (267)
» NTSB-AAR-78-07


Follow-up / safety actions

NTSB issued 2 Safety Recommendations

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations

Photos

photo of McDonnell Douglas DC-8-62AF JA8054
photo of McDonnell Douglas DC-8-62AF JA8054
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Anchorage International Airport, AK to Tokyo-Haneda Airport as the crow flies is 5523 km (3452 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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DC-8

  • 556 built
  • 41st loss
  • 28th fatal accident
  • 24th worst accident (at the time)
  • 36th worst accident (currently)
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