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Accident description
Last updated: 24 November 2017
Status:
Date:Monday 18 April 1977
Time:15:22
Type:Silhouette image of generic DC85 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
McDonnell Douglas DC-8-53
Operator:Philippine Air Lines
Registration: RP-C803
C/n / msn: 45937/324
First flight: 1968
Total airframe hrs:35862
Engines: 4 Pratt & Whitney JT3D-3B
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 13
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 127
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 140
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:Tokyo-Haneda Airport (HND) (   Japan)
Phase: Takeoff (TOF)
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Tokyo-Haneda Airport (HND/RJTT), Japan
Destination airport:Manila International Airport (MNL/RPLL), Philippines
Flightnumber: 421
Narrative:
The DC-8 was 1000 m into takeoff, using runway 15L, when it lifted off prematurely. The aircraft banked left, touched down again, veered off the runway and continued 800 m on the sod before coming to rest with the undercarriage and all 4 engines torn off.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: Left elevator geared tab drive arm assemblies and elevator gust lock crank assembly had failed.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: AAIC Japan
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 12 months
Accident number: Final report
Download report: Final report

Sources:
» Flight International 14.05.1977 (1298)


Photos

photo of McDonnell Douglas DC-8-53 PI-C803
photo of McDonnell Douglas DC-8-53 RP-C803
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Tokyo-Haneda Airport to Manila International Airport as the crow flies is 2976 km (1860 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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DC-8

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  • 43rd loss
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  • 64th worst accident (at the time)
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