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Accident description
Last updated: 29 April 2017
Date:Saturday 19 November 1977
Type:Silhouette image of generic B722 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 727-282
Operator:TAP Air Portugal
Registration: CS-TBR
C/n / msn: 20972/1096
First flight: 1975-01-07 (2 years 11 months)
Total airframe hrs:6154
Engines: 3 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-17
Crew:Fatalities: 6 / Occupants: 8
Passengers:Fatalities: 125 / Occupants: 156
Total:Fatalities: 131 / Occupants: 164
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Funchal Airport (FNC) (   Portugal)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Lisboa-Portela de Sacavém Airport (LIS/LPPT), Portugal
Destination airport:Funchal Airport (FNC/LPFU), Portugal
TAP Flight 425 was a regular service from Brussels (BRU) to Funchal (FNC), Madeira with an en route stop at Lisbon (LIS). Weather conditions at Madeira were poor. It was raining and a 6/8 cumulus overcast at 1500 feet with a visibility of 3000 m made for a challenging approach.
The first NDB approach to runway 24 was discontinued at the 'MAD' NDB because the crew hadn't established visual contact with the runway. Heavy rainshowers were reported, but the flight crew reported seeing the runway lights when over the 'MAD' NDB for the second time. The aircraft touched down 2000 feet past the threshold with just 3000 feet runway length remaining. Thrust reversers were deployed and spoilers extended, but the 727 aquaplaned slightly and could not be stopped on the runway. The Boeing overran and plunged over a steep bank. It struck a stone bridge, shearing off the right wing. It then crashed almost vertically on to a beach about 130 feet below the level of the airport, bursting in flames.

Probable Cause:

"A Comissão de Inquérito determinou como causa provável do acidente a impossibilidade de desacelerar a aeronave até à paragem no comprimento da pista, devido, provavelmente, aos seguintes factores:
- Condições meteorológicas muito desfavoráveis no momento da aterragem;
- Existência possível de condições para hidroplanagem;
- Velocidade de aterragem de Vref + 19 nós;
- Aterragem comprida motivada por um longo "flare";
- Correcção direccional brusca após o toque na pista."

PROBABLE CAUSE: (translated from Portuguese:
The Commission of Inquiry established as a probable cause of the accident the impossibility to decelerate the aircraft and to stop in the length of the runway due to, probably, the following factors:
- Very bad weather conditions at the time of landing;
- Possible existence of conditions for hydroplaning;
- Landing at a speed of Vref + 19 knots;
- Landing long with a long "flare";
- Sudden directional correction after touch down on the runway.

Accident investigation:
investigating agency: Direcção-Geral da Aviação Civil (DGAC) - Portugal
status: Final
download report: Transportes Aéreos Portugueses Boeing 727-282 – CS-TBR Aeroporto de Santa Catarina Ilha da Madeira Portugal (DGAC Portugal )


Runway excursion

» Air Disasters / D.Gero
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photo of Boeing 727-282 CS-TBR
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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Lisboa-Portela de Sacavém Airport to Funchal Airport as the crow flies is 959 km (599 miles).

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