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Last updated: 18 September 2018
Datum:Sonntag 4 Dezember 1977
Flugzeugtyp:Silhouette image of generic B732 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 737-2H6
Fluggesellschaft:Malaysian Airlines System - MAS
Kennzeichen: 9M-MBD
Werknummer: 20585/306
Baujahr: 1972-09-12 (5 years 3 months)
Triebwerk: 2 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-15
Besatzung:Todesopfer: 7 / Insassen: 7
Fluggäste:Todesopfer: 93 / Insassen: 93
Gesamt:Todesopfer: 100 / Insassen: 100
Sachschaden: Zerstört
Konsequenzen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Unfallort:nahe Tanjong Kupang (   Malaysia)
Flugphase: Während des Fluges (ENR)
Betriebsart:Inländischer planmäßiger Passagierflug
Flug von:Penang International Airport (PEN/WMKP), Malaysia
Flug nach:Kuala Lumpur Subang International Airport (KUL/WMKK), Malaysia
Flugnummer: 653
MAS flight MH653 departed Penang (PEN) at 19:21 on a domestic flight to Kuala Lumpur (KUL). While descending through an altitude of 4000 feet towards KUL, the crew reported that the plane was hijacked. The hijacker demanded to be flown to Singapore. The aircraft climbed to FL210 and proceeded to Singapore. En route to Singapore, the hijacker reportedly shot both pilots and then himself. The cockpit voice recordings indicate noises suggestive of the cockpit door being broken in, along with a reasonable amount of screaming and cursing. No noises are heard from within the cockpit to indicate any of the three occupants were conscious. The autopilot was then disconnected, possibly due to a pitch input by someone entering the cockpit and trying to control the aircraft. An investigator speculated that someone pulled back on the column, causing a pitch up, followed by an oscillation. This rapidly developed into a high amplitude phugoid oscillation that resulted in a rapid dive. The 737 crashed into a swamp and disintegrated.

» Aviation Disasters / D. Gero (144, 145)
» Flight International 10.12.1977 (1708)
» Malaysia Airlines Flight 653. (2006, June 17). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 09:23, June 18, 2006, from
» The final call / S. Barlay (382-282)


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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Penang International Airport to Kuala Lumpur Subang International Airport as the crow flies is 324 km (202 miles).
Accident location: Global; accuracy within tens or hundreds of kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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