Accident description
Last updated: 24 July 2014
Status:Final
Date:Tuesday 13 December 1977
Time:19:22
Type:Silhouette image of generic DC3 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Douglas C-53 (DC-3)
Operator:National Jet Services
Registration: N51071
C/n / msn: 4837
First flight: 1941
Total airframe hrs:19777
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney R-1830-94
Crew:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 26 / Occupants: 26
Total:Fatalities: 29 / Occupants: 29
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:Evansville-Dress Regional Airport, IN (EVV) (   United States of America) show on map
Phase: Initial climb (ICL)
Nature:Domestic Non Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Evansville-Dress Regional Airport, IN (EVV/KEVV), United States of America
Destination airport:Nashville Metropolitan Airport, TN (BNA/KBNA), United States of America
Narrative:
The DC-3, chartered to fly the Evansville basketball team to Nashville lost control and crashed shortly after take-off from runway 18.

PROBABLE CAUSE: "An attempted take-off with the rudder and right aileron control locks installed, in combination with a rearward centre of gravity, which resulted in the aircraft's rotating to a nose-high attitude immediately after take-off, and entering the region of reversed command from which the pilot was unable to recover. Contributing to the accident was the failure of the flight crew to ensure that the passenger baggage was loaded in accordance with the configuration contained on the load manifest. Their failure resulted in a rearward centre of gravity that was aft of the optimum range, but forward of the rearmost limit."

Classification:
Centre of Gravity outside limits
Locked rudders/ailerons/gustlock
Loss of control

Sources:
» Flight International 31.12.77(1893)

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: National Transport Safety Bureau (NTSB) - USA
report status: Final
report number: NTSB/AAR-78-10
report released:17-AUG-1978
duration of investigation:247 days (8.2 months)
download report: National Jet Services, Inc., Douglas DC-3, N51071, Evansville Dress Regional Airport, Indiana, December 13, 1977. (NTSB/AAR-78-10)

Follow-up / safety actions

NTSB issued 3 Safety Recommendations

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations

Photos

photo of Douglas C-53 (DC-3) N51071
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Evansville-Dress Regional Airport, IN to Nashville Metropolitan Airport, TN as the crow flies is 224 km (140 miles).

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Douglas DC-3

  • 2879th loss
  • ca 13.000 built
  • 45th worst accident (at the time)
  • 50th worst accident (currently)
safety profile

 United States of America
  • 90th worst accident (at the time)
  • 115th worst accident (currently)
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