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Accident description
Last updated: 30 July 2016
Status:Final
Date:Saturday 4 August 1979
Time:20:16
Type:Silhouette image of generic A748 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. HAL-748-224 Srs. 2
Operator:Indian Airlines
Registration: VT-DXJ
C/n / msn: 515
First flight: 1968
Crew:Fatalities: 5 / Occupants: 5
Passengers:Fatalities: 40 / Occupants: 40
Total:Fatalities: 45 / Occupants: 45
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:near Panvel (   India)
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Pune-Lohegaon Airport (PNQ/VAPO), India
Destination airport:Bombay-Santacruz Airport (BOM/VABB), India
Narrative:
The Indian Airlines HAL-748 was operating a scheduled round trip between Bombay and Pune, India. After take-off from Pune, the aircraft established contact with Bombay Radar and transmitted its ETA Bombay. However, the aircraft crashed in the Kiroli Hills about 11 km east of Bombay.
The aircraft was destroyed due to impact and post-impact fire. All persons on board were killed. The accident occurred during night and it was raining at that time


PROBABLE CAUSE: Combination of the following factors:
(1) Momentary/intermittent loss of electrical contact in G/S system of aircraft which gave the pilot an erroneous impression of the interception of the glide slope;
(2) Failure of the pilot to discharge his obligations under DOC 4444 by failing to use the glidepath facility only after the Outer Marker and also in descending below 2910 feet without first cross-checking over the Outer Marker;
(3) Failure of the radar controller to discharge his obligations under DOC 4444 of giving position information to the aircraft from time to time, use of incorrect and/or non-standard phraseology and also failure to inform the aircraft about the loss of radar contact.

Classification:

Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Mountain

Sources:
» Civil aircraft accidents 1979 / Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation, CAD, ASD


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Pune-Lohegaon Airport to Bombay-Santacruz Airport as the crow flies is 123 km (77 miles).

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HAL-748

  • 5th loss
  • 89 built
  • worst accident
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