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Last updated: 21 May 2018
Fecha:martes 19 agosto 1980
Hora:19:08 UTC
Tipo:Silhouette image of generic L101 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Lockheed L-1011 TriStar 200
Operador:Saudi Arabian Airlines
Registración: HZ-AHK
Numéro de série: 1169
Año de Construcción: 1979
Horas Totales de la Célula:2948
Motores: 3 Rolls-Royce RB211-524B2-02
Tripulación:Fatalidades: 14 / Ocupantes: 14
Pasajeros:Fatalidades: 287 / Ocupantes: 287
Total:Fatalidades: 301 / Ocupantes: 301
Daños en la Aeronave: Destruido
Consecuencias: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Ubicación:Riyadh International Airport (RUH) (   Arabia Saudita)
Elevación del lugar del accidente: 625 m (2051 feet) amsl
Fase: En ruta (ENR)
Naturaleza:Vuelo Doméstico Programado
Aeropuerto de Salida:Riyadh International Airport (RUH/OERY), Arabia Saudita
Aeropuerto de Llegada:Jeddah International Airport, Arabia Saudita
Número de Vuelo:SV163
Flight SV163 landed at Riyadh at 16:06 GMT for a scheduled intermediate stop after a flight from Karachi. At 18:08 the aircraft took off for the final leg to Jeddah. Six minutes and 54 seconds after takeoff, while climbing to FL350, visual and aural warnings indicated smoke in the aft cargo compartment C-3. Climbing through FL220 (at 18:20), a return to Riyadh was initiated. About two minutes later smoke was noted in the aft of the cabin, and passengers were panicking. At 18:25:26 the no. 2 engine throttle was stuck. The fire had by then entered the cabin of the TriStar. Because passengers where fighting in the aisles, aft of doors L2 and R2, the captain asked everybody to remain seated (18:27:40). On final approach engine no. 2 was shut down, and the captain told the cabin crew not to evacuate. Flight SV163 landed back at Riyadh runway 01 at 18:36:24 The crew continued to a taxiway and told the tower that they were going to shut the engines down and evacuate. The engines were shut down at 18:42:18. Because no evacuation had been initiated by then, crash, fire and rescue personnel tried to open the doors. At about 19:05 they succeeded in opening door 2R. About three minutes later, the interior was seen to be engulfed in flames. None of the occupants survived the fire.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The initiation of a fire in the C-3 cargo compartment. The source of the ignition of the fire is undetermined.
Factors contributing to the fatal results of this accident were 1) the failure of the captain to prepare the cabin crew for immediate evacuation upon landing and his failure in not making a maximum stop landing on the runway, with immediate evacuation, 2) the failure of the captain to properly utilize his flight crew throughout the emergency 3) the failure of C/F/R headquarters management personnel to ensure that its personnel had adequate equipment and training to function as required during an emergency."

» FAA-ASF-81-4(p.57)
» ICAO Circular 178-AN/111 (95-150)
» NTSB Safety Recommendations A-81-12/13


photo of Lockheed L-1011 TriStar 200 HZ-AHK
photo of Lockheed L-1011 TriStar 200 HZ-AHK
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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Riyadh International Airport to Jeddah International Airport as the crow flies is 841 km (526 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

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Lockheed L-1011

  • 250 built
  • 3rd loss
  • 2nd accidente fatal
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 Arabia Saudita
  • The worst accident
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