Crash-aerien 19 AUG 1980 d'un Lockheed L-1011 TriStar 200 HZ-AHK - Riyadh International Airport (RUH)
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Statuts:Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Date:mardi 19 aot 1980
Heure:19:08 UTC
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic L101 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Lockheed L-1011 TriStar 200
Compagnie:Saudi Arabian Airlines
Immatriculation: HZ-AHK
Numéro de série: 1169
Année de Fabrication: 1979-07-13 (1 year 1 months)
Heures de vol:2948
Cycles:1718
Moteurs: 3 Rolls-Royce RB211-524B2-02
Equipage:victimes: 14 / à bord: 14
Passagers:victimes: 287 / à bord: 287
Total:victimes: 301 / à bord: 301
Dégats de l'appareil: Détruit
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:Riyadh International Airport (RUH) (   Arabie Saoudite)
Élévation des lieux de l'accident: 625 m (2051 feet) amsl
Phase de vol: En vol (ENR)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Riyadh International Airport (RUH/OERY), Arabie Saoudite
Aéroport de destination:Jeddah International Airport (JED/OEJD), Arabie Saoudite
Numéro de vol:SV163
Détails:
Flight SV163 landed at Riyadh at 16:06 GMT for a scheduled intermediate stop after a flight from Karachi. At 18:08 the aircraft took off for the final leg to Jeddah. Six minutes and 54 seconds after takeoff, while climbing to FL350, visual and aural warnings indicated smoke in the aft cargo compartment C-3. Climbing through FL220 (at 18:20), a return to Riyadh was initiated. About two minutes later smoke was noted in the aft of the cabin, and passengers were panicking. At 18:25:26 the no. 2 engine throttle was stuck. The fire had by then entered the cabin of the TriStar. Because passengers where fighting in the aisles, aft of doors L2 and R2, the captain asked everybody to remain seated (18:27:40). On final approach engine no. 2 was shut down, and the captain told the cabin crew not to evacuate. Flight SV163 landed back at Riyadh runway 01 at 18:36:24 The crew continued to a taxiway and told the tower that they were going to shut the engines down and evacuate. The engines were shut down at 18:42:18. Because no evacuation had been initiated by then, crash, fire and rescue personnel tried to open the doors. At about 19:05 they succeeded in opening door 2R. About three minutes later, the interior was seen to be engulfed in flames. None of the occupants survived the fire.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The initiation of a fire in the C-3 cargo compartment. The source of the ignition of the fire is undetermined.
Factors contributing to the fatal results of this accident were 1) the failure of the captain to prepare the cabin crew for immediate evacuation upon landing and his failure in not making a maximum stop landing on the runway, with immediate evacuation, 2) the failure of the captain to properly utilize his flight crew throughout the emergency 3) the failure of C/F/R headquarters management personnel to ensure that its personnel had adequate equipment and training to function as required during an emergency."

Sources:
» FAA-ASF-81-4(p.57)
» ICAO Circular 178-AN/111 (95-150)
» NTSB Safety Recommendations A-81-12/13


Opérations de secours

NTSB issued 2 Safety Recommendations

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Photos

photo of Lockheed-L-1011-TriStar-200-HZ-AHK
accident date: 19-08-1980
type: Lockheed L-1011 TriStar 200
registration: HZ-AHK
photo of Lockheed-L-1011-TriStar-200-HZ-AHK
accident date: 19-08-1980
type: Lockheed L-1011 TriStar 200
registration: HZ-AHK
 

Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Riyadh International Airport et Jeddah International Airport est de 841 km (526 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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Lockheed L-1011

  • 250 built
  • 3ème loss
  • 2ème accident fatal
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 Arabie Saoudite
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